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chap 2

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clerk when war started with her only nursing experience the care of her invalid brother. After the first battle of Bull Run Clara realized that there was a tremendous need for medical supplies and her true skills and what would become a lifelong passion were revealed. The success that Clara Barton had with securing adequate funds, supplies and assistance was so successful that her ad hoc work led to her being granted a general pass to travel with Union ambulances to provide comfort and care to the wounded. Her only official position during the war was as a superintendent of nurses in Major Genl. Butler’s command. Clara Barton, 1857, National Archives Photograph Her real success was the work she did in the organization and avocation of support for prisoners and wounded. She was able to gather details from returning prisoners on the status of other men so that she could notify families. Clara laid the ground work for what she would later unveil as the American Red Cross. In the Hospital, 1861 Watercolor by William Ludwell Sheppard In the Hospital, 1861, is a tribute to Southern nurses. Civil War nurses were sometimes called "angels of the battlefield," working long hours to heal and comfort wounded and dying soldiers. Citation- ushistory.org, The Southern Home front, U.S. History Online Textbook Kate Cumming, Clara Barton, Dorothea Dix and the many other women that cared for the wounded and dying with equal parts of determination and compassion were truly “angels of the battlefield.” In the early days and months of the war women weren’t considered strong enough to witness the horrors of the slaughtered men. However, the excellent support and service of the early nursing wome... ... middle of paper ... ...war dampened the celebration of peace for the Unionists. With the death of President Lincoln a more lenient treatment for the wayward south would not be achieved. The punishment of the Confederacy would be the Reconstruction and rebuilding of the South based upon the goals of the Union and attained at great personal and government cost. To the victor goes the spoils is a phase often associated with the treatment of war; the losing side expecting to “take all.” In the Civil War both sides were Americans with political differences. But war is war and the South could expect to be treated as the hostile force they had been. At the end of the war the states were divided into military districts with military rule in the occupied territories instead of the former state governments. The losers would feel the chaffing of the victors and their appointees for many years.
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