chap 1

Satisfactory Essays
The economic disparity by the time of the Civil War was that the South provided almost three-fourths of the world’s cotton. However, the manufacturing of cotton into durable goods required shipment to Northern factories for processing or shipment to Europe. To finished cotton then had to be bought back by Southerners, subject to tariffs and taxes creating another chasm between the economic backbones of the two areas.

Intermixed into the issue of tariffs and economy was the double edged sword of slavery. The first edge of the sword was the issue of religious and political doctrines against the forced labor and involuntary servitude of slavery. The other edge of the sword was the need for cheap labor to perform the increased and back breaking labor needed to harvest cotton and tobacco, the largest of the cash crops.

The matter of slavery wasn’t a new concept to the American continent:
• Slavery was first introduced at Jamestown in 1619
• Slaves were used in all of the original thirteen colonies
• Importation of slaves into the United States was banned in 1808, yet slave populations grew significantly until 1861.
• Slavery was not outlawed in all Northern states until after the War.
• In 1832 Virginia debated the possibility of a gradual emancipation of slaves starting in 1861.
• 75% of the slaves at the time of the Civil War were used in the production of cotton and owned by a very small minority of Southerners.

The struggle of addressing slavery from both the economic and the human rights perspective had been discussed since before the Declaration of Independence. The Constitutional debates reflected the diverse and complex choices facing the early leaders of government. From the first government acts of 1787 to the Kansas...

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...istrict of New York and a future Presidential candidate (1872) Greeley’s position was one of considerable clout and impact. The millions of people in New York were not the only readers of Greeley’s articles. He was often reprinted or re-quoted around the country by smaller papers.

When Greeley’s positions differed from those of political power an open forum letter to the intended party would be published in the New York Tribune. Such was the case when Greeley published his, “Prayer of Twenty Millions: To Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States” diatribe.

Mr. Greeley wrote to Lincoln, “… [we] are sorely disappointed and deeply pained by the policy you seem to be pursuing with regard to the slaves of the Rebels. I write only to set succinctly and unmistakably before you what we require, what we think we have a right to expect, and of what we complain.”8
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