The concept of slavery had been brought over to America by the ideals of British Mercantilism which called for strict regulation of the state and its people for the good of the national economy. In the early 1700’s, Frenchman Colbert stated that, "no commerce in the world produces as many advantages as that of the slave trade"(Williams, 144). The inhumane practice of slavery began in the American colonies in 1619. Although Africans first came to the New World around 1501, the early colonists did not think to use them as slave labor. Instead, they imported poor, white indentured servants from Europe to clear forests and cultivate fields.
In the 17th century the basis of the work force, in mainly the Southern colonies were Europeans labourers, who as indentured servants, offered landowners a solution to their labour shortage. Beginning in the 1680s, the mainland colonies underwent a massive shift, from indentured servants to slave labour, due to requirement of labour in the South. From the early 17th century Africans were shipped to North America to be sold as slaves, against their freewill. Slavery continued to expand even after 1808, when it was declared illegal. African slave trading became the main problem dividing Americans, and could even of been a factor of many, which led to the American Civil War.
Although, clear most of African Americans remained in a bond, the growth of free black communities in America was raised by the War for American to be free. In 1807 everyone had to stop having slaves. “ Soc... ... middle of paper ... ...d to rest. Instruments that they used to punish slaves and keep within limits are: the iron collar,or even slaves chains. But not all states wanted it to be slaves, the Southern states wanted it and the Northern states didn't.
The people of a country will not always agree on national policies; such was the case after the American Revolution. As what is known as the antebellum period began, the American Nation was divided into the North and South by many issues but most economic issues arising from western expansion and slavery. While the North had abolished slavery, the South insisted on slavery for the cultivation of their cash crops especially cotton. The south had religious and racial justifications for the institution of slavery and even went so far as to proclaim slavery was for the slave’s own benefit. The North, motivated by the second Great Awakening however, had women and the Abolitionist movement that regarded slavery as evil and an institution that needed to be abolished.
Because I feel it is important to remind us of what kind of people we Americans are. How we will stand up for ourselves. I will not say we will fight for what is right, one cannot say slavery was right, or every fight we got ourselves into was right, but South Carolina and most of the south felt it was their right to own slaves. After all they had slaves in early colonial America when in 1619 a Dutch ship brought twenty Africans for sale as indentured servants thus marking the beginning of slavery in America. In 1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin and more slave labor was needed to keep up with the vast amount of cotton that could now be produced.
When the cotton gin was invented it helped cotton plantations successfully pull out the seeds from the cotton bolls, going from about one pound a day by a single person to 50 pounds a day. The northern states relied on the cotton from the southern states, and the southern states depended on the manufactured goods, credit and shipping from the northern states. The southern states counted on almost 4 million slaves to help with their crops and strongly needed slavery, where the northern states were not as dependent and were viewing it in the complete opposite way as the south. One of the issues leading up to the Civil War was the end of the Mexican War and popular sovereignty. With the Compromise of 1850 allowing California to be a free state and giving Utah and New Mexico the choice to decide if they wanted to be a free state or a slave state.
These were the questions that the Government had to ask themselves about the expansion. Therefore thi... ... middle of paper ... ...1There were more slaves in the Southern states of America, as the conditions were better for the slaves to work on a plantation to make cotton. Conflicts started between the “Slave” and “Free” states and increased more as religious groups such as the Quakers began to argue that slavery was a moral evil. As a result of this conflict slavery was abolished in the Northern states between 1774 and 1804. In the South slavery was an essential as they needed large amounts of unskilled labour for their cotton plantations.
As time passed slavery started to take hold on the American colonies, and in 1670 tobacco growing really started to take over and became a big export of the colonies. Slavery didn’t exist in the laws until the 1660s. (The Way we lived 58). In 1670 the House of Burgess stated “all slaves not being christened imported into the colony by shipping shall be slaves for life,” similar servants that “shall come by land” would serve for a term of three to four years. (Norton 72).
Politically, the increasing sectionalized north and south remained at each other's throats over the issue, making the assumption of a calm early national era look naïve. Mason places the fledgling begins of the debate over the institution during the era of the American Revolution. For America, the Revolution was the first time an abolitionist movement outside of the Quakers had formed. Mason indicates two sources for a mainstream objection to slavery. First, the rise of evangelicalism in the later 18th century lent some ideas of "a benevolent form of Christian slaveholding".
During the 17th and 18th centuries, African American slaves lived in all of England's North American colonies. Although, the number of African American slaves grew slowly at first, by the 1680s they were essential to the economy of Virginia. Before Great Britain prohibited its subjects from participating in the slave trade, between 600,000 and 650,000 Africans had been forcibly transported to North America. The effects of the institutionalization of slavery in America are still felt today. It is difficult to think of an element of society not affected by the historical reality of slavery.