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The deserving poor were deemed individuals who “were of good moral character and only temporarily out of luck due to no fault of their own” (Hicks, 2006, p. 47); those included in the assessment were the “elderly, ill or disabled” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46). Those who were labeled “undeserving” were judged as being “lazy and/or morally degenerate” (Hicks, 2006, p. 47). Many of the charities that were created were and responsible were under the authority of a local council referred to as “the poor relief” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46) which were ran by volunteers. Then in 1601, the Poor Laws were then revised under the Elizabethan reform, this time offering a distinction between the forms of relief available. There was the “indoor relief” that stated the deserving poor who were still considered the elderly, ill and disabled “could receive relief in almshouses or poorhouses” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46). The other form of relief available, this time for those able to work was to provide them with “relief jobs in workhouses” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46), although this form of relief was more “grueling and demanding” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46). However, this was a strategy created by the government as a way to “decrease the demand and appeal for public assistance” (Hicks, 2006, p. 46). During the Nineteenth century however, “private philanthropic societies” that were founded in Canada began to provide “relief” such as the “Society for Improving the Condition of the Poor of St. John’s founded in 1808” (Hicks, 2006, p. 47). However, many deemed the early relief efforts of volunteers “in numerous charities and church parishes” to be “disorganized and inefficient due to a lack little regulation or coordination” (Hicks, 2006, p. 47). Thus the formation of “Charity Org... ... middle of paper ... ...iles/jhu_report_en.pdf CanLii. (2009) Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act. Retrieved from http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/sc-2009-c-23/latest/sc-2009-c-23.html Hicks, S. (2006). Social Work in Canada: An Introduction 2nd Edition. Thompson Education Publishing Inc. Lasby, D., Roberts, P., Scott, K. & Spyridoula Tsoukalas. (2006). The Canadian Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Comparative Perspective. Imagine Canada. Retrieved from http://www.imaginecanada.ca/files/www/en/nsnvo/d_ontario_sector_report.pdf KID-Z-OWN. (2013). Volunteer/Placememnt Student Manual for Yorkwoods Community Church (Salvation Army) KID-Z-OWN After School Program. Central East, ON: Salvation Army. Moyles, R.G. & Pedersen, A.M. (2013). The Salvation Army. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/salvation-army/

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