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Using different examples of the historical treatments for mental illness, compare and contrast the underlying perspectives (i.e., biological, psychological, social and biopsychosocial) regarding mental health that fostered these treatments. The underlying perspectives regarding mental health have changed drastically over history. Anceint theories invovled spirits controling human behavior. It is thought that in order to cure someone the practices trephination (cutting away sections of the skull) to allow the evil spirits to be released. During the classical Greek and Roman periods the idea was the Gods had control over behavior. If you were to disobey the deities you could be punished with a mental illness. Hippocrates (460-277 BC) idetified symptoms of mental illnesses, as such; hallucinations, delusion, melancholia, mania, and hysteria. He believed mental illness was brought upon due to envioment and physical changes. He believed they created humors (imbalance of bodily fliuds) and patients should be separated from their families, which created the idea of institutions. Galan had an expertise of medicine: neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurology, pharacology, phychiatry, and philosophy. After the fall of the Roman Empire demonology dominated theories once again. However, Avicenna considered depression to result from the mixture of mixtures of humors and believed physical disease were caused by emotional distress. His idea of treatment was music. In the middle ages through the renaissance, demons were thought to be in controll of all evil, including mental illness. During this time around 100,000 were sentenced to death due to the accusations of witchcraft or the devil. Mass hysteria broke out during this time, which led to som... ... middle of paper ... ...lain the difference between normal and abnormal behavior; provide at least one historical example of a behavior that is no longer consider abnormal. In the past anything that did not fit into the norms of the society was seem as abnormal. There has been so much enlightment shown throughout the last few decades that the range of normal has explanded it's horizon. For example, homosexuality was viewed as immoral and shunned by many. Society today has become very accepting of one anothers choices. Today we consider abnormal behavior as behavior that is inconsistent with the individual's developmental, cultural, and societial norms that creates emotional distress or inerfers with daily functioning. I find this to be very fair. If a person's individual actions cause no distress and doesn't effect their functioning capibilities then it should not be looked as indifferent.
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