In 1960s, it was estimated to occur in five in every 10,000 child worldwide but this number is increased recently to be 72 in every 10,000 child since the 1990s due to the change in diagnostic practice and media attention (Newschaffer et al, 2007). The reason of increasing this disorder in recent year is still unknown (Comi, Zimmerman, Frye, Law, & Peeden, 1999). This essay will discuss the causes of Autism spectrum disorders, brain structure changes that involved in this condition and thus the major and secondary symptoms occurrence in relating to these structure impaired development in the brain. Autism appears between embryo development and the first 3 years of child development and c... ... middle of paper ... ... Schendel, D., & Windham, G. C. (2007).The Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Annu.
The ... ... middle of paper ... ...on regulation in the context of frustration in children with high functioning autism and their typical peers. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 53(12), 1250-1258. Lopata, C. A. (2012). Feasibility and Initial Efficacy of a Comprehensive School-Based Intervention for High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically? Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life.
Sunita &Bliszta, J.L. (2012). Early Identification of Autism: A Comparison of the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers and the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health. 49(2013).
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2007;13(1):85–95. doi:10.1002/mrdd.20141. PMID 17326118. Schmitz C, Rezaie P. The neuropathology of autism: where do we stand?
When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested. There is not a pin pointed cause of ASD, but it many researchers believe it has something to do with defected genes or incomplete development of the baby’s brain. (Proctor, Young- Adams 2013) If autism is caught when it in its very early stages it make a big difference and may help improve cognitive and social skills. More test are being added to the testing of the autism diagnostic schedule to ideally detect the disorder at around eighteen months. (NIH 2013) Mainly autism is diagnosed in two category, autistic (classic autism) or autism ... ... middle of paper ... ...en the same age, but they become frightened of having their child labeled and what others are going to say.
One study involved collecting data on 943, 664 children under the age of 10 for the duration of 7 years, and it was found that 818 of them developed autism3. Children who have siblings affected with autism have a risk that is 22 times hig... ... middle of paper ... ... A New Direction for Research. Environmental Health Perspectives 108, 401-404 (2000) 3. Lauritsen, M.B., Pedersen, C.B., Mortensen, P.B. Effects of familial risk factors and place of birth on the risk of autism: A nationwide register-based study Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 46, 963-971 (2005) 4.
Wong, C., Odom, S., Hume, K., Cox, A., Fettig, A., Kucharszyk, S., Brock, M., Plavnic, J, Fleury, V., Schultz, T. (2014). Evidence-Based Practices For Children, Youth, and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Retrieved from http://autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/sites/autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/files/2014-EBP-Report.pdf 7. The Interactive Autism Network. (2014).
Peer relationships and social and recreational activities among adolescents and adults with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 34(3), 245-256. Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., & Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental retardation and developmental disabilities research reviews, 10(4), 234-247.