The big cities in Australia – Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra, Brisbane and Perth – are all located in the south, and all in the southeast except for Perth. We will focus on the southeastern coastal area when talking about this temperate climate zone, as the vast majority of Australians live in this area. The climate here is very moist and mild; although not as wet as the tropical north, receiving anywhere from 50 to 320 cm of rain annually, but much wetter in comparison to the Outback. The average maximum temperature in the southeast ranges from 12 to 27°C, which is more livable compared to the rest of the continent. To understand just how these climate zones function, we must look at the subtropical high that exists in the southern “horse latitudes” of around 30°S.
It also has two large mainland territories-the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). With an overall area of 7.7 million square kilometer it is the sixth-largest country in the world and hosts a population of 22.9 million. Its neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea and New Zealand. History Australia has a very interesting history. For not less than 40,000 years prior to European settlement in the later half of 18th century, Australia was colonised by aboriginals groups who belonged to approximately 250 language groups.
(Compton Encyclopedia) The first people to inhabit Australia were called Australian Aborigines they inhabited Australia for tens of thousands of years before the Europeans arrived. They lived in a hunter gatherer society and were somewhat nomadic. When the Europeans began arriving the Aborigines began to die due to foreign diseases, land loss, and conflicts with settlers. The Aborigines were not treated the same as Europeans until the 1960s when they started to receive voting rights, and the assimilation policy was forcibly removed. Aboriginal culture is increasingly recognized as an integral par... ... middle of paper ... ...embrace their history.
The northern mountainous area has temperature variations with some freezing and even an occasional snow. Parts of the south may receive but one inch of rain annually; however, the coastal and the Upper Galilee regions receive from twenty-five to forty five inches of rain. Frequent summer droughts, especially in the southern desert region, make extensive irrigation a necessity. Heavy rains in these and other area can cause floods and erosion.”Enclopedia.com “Much of Israel’s desert contains poor soil, the northern Negev, the coastal plains, and the interior valleys provide patches of productive soils. Twenty one percent of Israel’s land ... ... middle of paper ... ... the south, with summits looming more than about 2,100 m (about 7,000 ft) above the Red Sea.
(Ning) II. Population Australia is an independent Western democracy with a population of more than 20 million (20,264,082). Base on some general statistic, its birth rate is 12.14 births/1,000 populations, and population growth rate is 0.85 %. In land area, Australia is the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil. It is one of the world’s most urbanized countries, with about 70 per cent of the population living in the 10 largest cities.
The major exporter are wheat ,meat , dairy products and wool . Australia usually produces twenty-five percent of world's yearly wool. Mining became the leading factor of mining in Australia . The county continues to be dependent on livestock raising and crop farming. Manufacturing began after world war II .
In 1825, the Yuggera people settled close to Brisbane. About four years later English settled in Perth and a squatter sailed to Port Phill... ... middle of paper ... ...and is where the country’s largest coal deposits are located. The country of Australia is very resource dependant and with all it has to offer you can see why. Australia experienced an average of 3.5% economic growth over the past 21 years. The countries growing economy features a very low unemployment rate of just 5% and a low debt of $1.397 trillion American Dollars.
The area of the commonwealth is 2,966,150 square miles, and the area of the continent alone is 2,939,974 square miles, making Australia the smallest continent in the world, but the sixth largest country. The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of six states: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia; and two territories: the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. The external dependencies of Australia are the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, the Territory of Cocos Islands, the Coral Sea Islands Territory, the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and Norfolk Island. The first Australians were the Aborigines. Aboriginal folklore claims that the Aborigines were always in Australia.
Australia Australia is the only country that is also a continent. In area, Australia ranks as the sixth largest country and smallest continent. Australia is located between the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The part of the Indian Ocean that is south of Australia is called the Southern Ocean in the country. Australia is about 7,000 miles southwest of North America and about 2,000 miles southeast of mainland Asia.
They supply the cities and towns with the much-needed water. They also supply the farms with irrigation water. Though the rivers are dry most of the year, dams and reservoirs keep water during the dry season.Australia can basically be split into 3 parts-the eastern highlands, central lowlands, and the western plateau.The highlands consist mainly of high plateaus and broken-in places by hills, low mountain ridges, and gorges. Grasses or forest cover most of the plate... ... middle of paper ... ... all of their traditions but were excluded from society until 1967 when the Australian Constitution was changed so Aborigines got to vote and to have service benefits.GREAT BARRIER REEFAlong the northwest coast of Australia lies the Great Barrier Reef, the largest group of reefs in the world. This chain consists of about 2,500 reefs.