A new survey published in the April 23 New England Journal of Medicine finds that few doctors have ever assisted a patient's suicide -- but that over a third would do so if the practice were legalized. "This is really not happening very often," says survey co-author Dr. Diane Meier of New York's Mount Sinai School of Medicine. "That's the most important finding. It's a rare event" [Associated Press, 4/23/98]. The survey was based on a questionnaire sent in 1996 to 3,102 physicians under the age of 65; 1,902 doctors responded anonymously.
They also say that 1.1 million adults attempted suicide each year, but 38,000 are actually dying, so some of the suicides are being prevented. The more suicides that are prevented means that the medical care that they are doing is working for the patients. There are a lot of programs for suicidal people that need help or want it. They also say suicide kills twice as many people as aids does each year. Suicides are caused by more than one event in life.
This law states that Oregon residents, who have been diagnosed with a life ending disease and have less than six months to live, may obtain a lethal medicine prescribed by a physician, which would end their life when and where they chose to do so. This law or act requires the collection of data from patients and physicians and publishes it in an annual r... ... middle of paper ... ...nation to follow. Washington State has followed suit with Oregon and passed a similar act allowing PAD. We should not have to fear a lingering and painful death. PAD should be an option to terminally ill patients, which has been defined as an inherent constitutional right by the Supreme Court.
Oregon became the first by enacting the Death with Dignity Act which allows terminally-ill patients to end their lives through the voluntary self-administration of lethal medications, expressly prescribed by a physician for that purpose. (Oregon.gov) In November of 2008 Washington became the second and in December of the same year Montana agreed and became the third. A poll was given to Oregon physicians in 1999, nurses, and social workers in 2001. The majority of physicians 51% supported the death with dignity act, 48% of nurses were in favor, and 72% of social workers were in support. (Miller) These polls clearly show that the majority of voters are in support of Physician assisted suicide.
Suicide and the Predictions of Suicide In the first paper I read about hopelessness and eventual suicide, four authors studied 207 hospitalized patients with suicidal ideation. There was a follow up period of 5-10 years when these patients were systematically checked up on to see their status. Fourteen eventually completed suicide within the follow up period. In the study the researchers used the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hopelessness Scale, and the Scale of Suicidal Ideation. The only tools that eventually predicted the suicides were the Hopelessness Scale and the pessimism items on the Beck Depression Inventory.
The number of assisted suicide deaths in Oregon has increased over the years. In 2009 there were 59, 65 deaths in 2010, 71 deaths in 2011, and 77 deaths in 2012. There has been a 30% increase of assisted suicides deaths since 2009 (Schadenberg). This shows that some states are more progressive than others in accepting and working with the terminally ill. The assisted suicide law in Oregon does not preve... ... middle of paper ... ...herit money or other valuable assets.
The rules and regulation for each of these states are slightly different. “The Oregon law allows terminally ill residents to end their lives through the voluntary self-administration of lethal medications, expressly prescribed by a physician for that purpose” (Trossman, 2015). The individual has to have a terminal illness with less than six months to live and be a competent adult (Procon.org, 2015). This is important to note because this doesn’t allow a physician to just order medication for any person who wants to end their life. It allows the patient to die on their own terms when facing a terminal illness that will cause the patient to die in a way that the patient doesn’t want
The issue of physician assisted suicide has been around for quite a while. There has been many court cases on it to make it legalized but all of it has been struck down by the Supreme Court. What seem to be a lost cause in the past is now becoming a real possibility as America moves further into the twenty-first century. As citizens increase their support for PAS, many states are beginning to draft bills to legalize this cause, with tough restriction and regulation of course. In 1997, Oregon became the first state to legalized physician assisted suicide for the terminally ill.
According to the Oregon Public Health Authority annual report released in January 2014, of the 122 patients who had prescriptions written for said medication only 71 actually died from ingesting the medicine. 44 of those were male and the median age of the patients was 71 years old. 94.4 % were White/Caucasian, over half were married and had a college degree (Oregon 5). Terminally ill patients around the USA have very strong opinions in re... ... middle of paper ... ...gon’s Death with Dignity Act - - 2013. Report.
Physician-assisted suicide is legal in three of the fifty states in America: Oregon, Montana, and Washington. Getting approval for physician-assisted suicide in Oregon is a long process with many guidelines and restrictions. The patient must be terminally ill, with little hope for treatment and less than six months to live. It is required that they are a resident of Oregon, and at least 18 years of age. They must also be able to communicate their own wishes.