Although the violence against women is as old as human presence, it has become an international problem since the mid of the twentieth century. The United Nations and its affiliated agencies play a significant role in tackling this phenomenon.
According to Article (1) of the UN “Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women” the violence against women is defined as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." The declaration in its Article (2) distinguishes between three forms of violence as follows:
-The violence against women occurring in the family by relatives such as husband, father or brother.
Violence occurring within the general community, such as the violence at work, educational institutions and trafficking in women and forced prostitution. violence perpetrated or condoned by the State
The violence against women can cause extremely harmful physical and emotional pain to the affected women.
2. The Most Affected Areas in the World:
A study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2005 found that violence against women is more common in developing countries than in developed countries. For instance around 71% of women in Ethiopia reported physical and sexual violence by a non-partner since the age of 15 years compared to only 15% in Japan.
According to WHO there are number of risk factors that have been found to be associated with the different forms of violence against women including, among others, lower levels of education, witnessing family violence, harmful ...
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Summary of the Study of Violence against women in the Kingdom of Bahrain (2005 - 2006), Supreme Council for Woman, 2009
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UN website: https://www.un.org/en/events/endviolenceday/
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