(11) In many ways this sounds like a fantastic idea to conserve resources as well as maintain jobs and provide for families, but due to the important role men play in Chinese society, girls are almost frowned upon because the men is the one to carry on the traditional name as well as taking care of the parents and grandparents when older. When a couple finds out they have conceived a daughter, many will decide to have an abortion. (13) By doing this it impacts fertility rates dropping China down to 1.6%. (2) This means the amount of women fall so population will end up over time all men. While you can see the positive of having a one child policy, there are also set backs to the program.
Aborting endless amounts of girls leads to a problem with how males can find females. Joshua Kurlantzick points out in his article “Today, roughly 120 boys are born in China for every 100 girls, perhaps the worst gender imbalance in modern human history. Within 15 years, the country may have 30 million men who cannot find wives.” (par. 2). If a man can not find a woman he may turn to visiting brothels or he might buy a wife.
The One-Child policy, one of China’s many controversial acts is said to have prevented 400 million births and substantially slow the country’s rapid population growth. The population has grown from just under 600 million in 1950 to over 1.2 billion in 2000. The policy created to decrease the over all population of the country preventing famine and other obstacles has had several unforeseen consequences. For one the policy has produced an aging country with young people a rarity. The one child policy has limited the number of young people coming into the work force, and with modern medicine the life expectancy was 73.49 as of 2011.
These people believed that welfare does not solve anything, it is just letting people become reliant on the government; sucking up money and valuable resources that could be spent elsewhere. For the purpose of this paper if we could just for a moment focus on how President Clinton’s welfare reform policies affect single African-American adolescent mothers. Despite the multimillion-dollar campaign to educate adolescents on the risks of pre-marital sexual relationships the earlier portion of this decade has seen a dramatic increase in teen pregnancies, there for causing a missive economic backlash that can be felt in everyone’s back pocket. Only now in the past few years has the number of teen pregnancies gone down, in fact in 1997 the number of teen-pregnancies reached an all time low, that quickly started to raise yet again. According to a study in the late 1980’s black adolescents are more likely to become early parents than whites and other ethnic groups.
The higher teenage pregnancy rates are, the higher child poverty appear. If this trend continues, social instabilities and the wealth gap would become bigger. In addition, fathers of the children do not often help the mothers. Clemmitt (2010) points out that 80 percent of teen fathers do not marry to the mothers of their first child; Most situations end up with single mothers raising the child, and sometimes a mother has more than three children. The economic and social pressure on teenage mothers are enormous, and the pressure would finally “destroy her life”, thus it leads to serious health
This tax is even greater on women who leave the work force to raise their children for several years (Crittenden 338). Many companies want “unencumbered” workers, and so those individuals that do not fall into that category, namely mothers, receive less money than their male or childless counterparts (Crittenden 440). Hopefully by enacting this new law the companies that participate in this wage disparity will be seen and soon change their policies and women, mothers or not, can receive the pay they are due. The glass ceiling on the other hand is “an unseen barrier to women’s
In proposals issued recently, both Democratic candidates have promised to cover all 11 million children who have no insurance, with taxpayers paying the entire cost for the poor. Gore and Bradley would also give substantial help to the parents of the nation's poorest children. But they split over one growing class of people: the millions of adults who are not quite poor, but who find insurance so expensive that they do not buy it.Almost 17 percent of full-time workers have no insurance, often because employers do not offer it or have shifted costs to employees. Many of the new jobs created in the current boom are at small businesses, which are less likely to offer coverage. Bradley has proposed an expansive plan that helps people further up the economic ladder and which carries an expansive price tag to match.
In a little more than a decade China will be losing its title as the world’s most populous country. More importantly China’s demographic have been changing due to unpredictable population changes. The need for a male heir and the One Child Policy has caused china’s gender ratio to be imbalanced. Reason being men are usually the main income-earners because they are more employable and earn higher wages for the same work. Since male babies have a greater income potential, they are less likely to be killed.
Being able to support a family is already a difficult task but when people are getting laid off from jobs, unemployment rates are increasing, and the economy is struggling many people can barely afford to buy necessities for themselves never mind for an entire family. An extended decrease in fertility levels could have hugely negative effects on the country’s demography. Lower fertility rates mean less babies being born which in turn decreases the younger age population while the aging population slowly increases. This is one of the main issues with low fertility because it does not evenly decrease the country’s population. I have found a couple of articles from previous papers to support my thesis.
There are many problems with this policy though. The first is that there will be an ageing population, and therefore a high dependency rate. Also as couples are only allowed one child they prefer to have a boy, therefore there is a large gender imbalance in China today, for every 100 baby girls born there are 116 baby boys. This causes large scale emigration of young Chinese men looking for wives. Singapore is a tiny island in Asia, bordered by Malaysia and Indonesia.