Karl Marx: The revolutionary thinker
In the early 1800s, the French Revolution had recently ended, with many Enlightenment ideas spreading around Europe quickly. There were many political, social, and economic changes occurring during this time period. Wars were fought, including the Napoleonic wars and the French Empire reaching its peak, as well as its downfall. Agriculture was being improved upon and becoming more efficient, but requiring less workers. Many people then moved to make a living in the cities. Technology would help improve agriculture techniques and would allow for very efficient manufacturing and factory production. Economies of England, France, Germany, and other countries would soon see very prosperous growth. There will be the rise of new social classes, along with their hardships. Karl Marx was born in Trier, Prussia on May 5th, 1818. While young Marx was growing up, his father had a passion for the works of Immanuel Kant and Voltaire. Later on, Marx would share an idea with Kant, that the idea that freedom was the human essence. The interest of philosophy grew on Marx, leading him to pursue his own philosophies. Through his works and revolutionary philosophical ideas, Karl Marx changed political and social thought. Through his many writings, Marx expressed new views on sociology, communism, and economics that would spark new political parties and social revolutions around the globe.
Karl Marx first enrolled at the University of Bonn, Germany in 1835. There, Marx took part of the very lively and rebellious culture. He was soon imprisoned for drunkenness, disturbing the peace, incurred debts, and participating in a duel. Marx’s father soon withdrew Marx from the University of Bonn and insisted on him to enr...
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...ationship. This book recognizes and spreads the awareness that the proletariat were being exploited by the capitalist means of production. Marx also argues that the “capitalist system is ultimately unstable, because it cannot endlessly sustain profits” (Das Kapital).
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels undergo an attempt to explain the goals of communism. It argues that, the exploitation of classes is the motivating force behind all of historical developments. It also argues that the productiveness of capitalism will soon cease to exist. The Communist Manifesto argues that collapse of capitalism will inevitably decline because is an unstable form of economic systems. It also argues that to eliminate social statuses, a revolution must occur.
Karl Marx’s many works and thoughts influenced many different political leader and movements alike.