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CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS FOR BOUNDARY CHANGES: SOME OTHER FEDERATIONS In order to gain a broader perspective on changes in the boundaries of the States in India, it is pertinent to examine how the situation of boundary changes has been handled in some other federations. U.S.A. - Changes in the Boundaries of States The federal pattern in the United States of America was evolved for a common political community. The Preamble uses the term a more perfect Union. The Supreme Court, too, described the nation as an indestructible Union of indestructible States Article IV, Section 3(1) of the American Constitution protects integrity of the States which says “new States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress” . In U.S.A Congress can admit new States into the Union but cannot form State. Congress has no power to change the boundaries of a State as they were fixed by it when that State was admitted to the Union Several States have been formed division of an existing State with the consent of that State’s legislature. Kentucky became a part of the Union in 1792 with the consent of the legislature of Virginia while its territory was a part of its Old Dominion. Similarly Tennessee divided from North Carolina in 1796 and was set up as a State in 1820 with the consent of the Massachusetts legislature, the new State's territory having originally been claimed by Massachusetts. Even the separation of the new State of West Virginia from Virginia in 1863 was accomplished with the te... ... middle of paper ... ... ibid The Federal Government of Switzerland, by G.A. Codding Jr pg 37-38 ibid ibid ibid The Australian constitution chap VI new states http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Senate/Powers_practice_n_procedures/~/link.aspx?_id=A392B21B367A449EA878C374B5BECE11&_z=z ibid The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, by R.D. Lumb, K.W. Ryan 1974 pg 353 Supra note 46 Australian constitution The australian constitution chapter V The States http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Senate/Powers_practice_n_procedures/~/link.aspx?_id=6ED2CAE61E7742A1B2C42F95D4C05252&_z=z Territorial Changes in the States and Territories of the Commonwealth in The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia by R.D. Lumb, K.W. Ryan The Political System in Canada, Canada: by Eugene A. Forsev 1989, p. 5. Ibid pg 15 State boundary changes by S.S sharma pg 43 ibid

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