In both given articles, Lewis and Nicolaas argue about the enhancement of the Muslim fundamentalism with different perspectives; however, I believe that Lewis’ views may be quiet misleading to the actual perception. Bernard Lewis indicates that Muslim fundamentalism is conceived through the Muslim community’s oppression and dissatisfaction with the West’s political involvement as well as Islam being a source of aggression. In defiance of his opinion, the word ‘Islam’ comes from the word peace as well as the will of submission to God. The notion of aggression and violence that Bernard conceptualizes to be the headline of Islam does not have any supportive evidence within the rules of the Islamic religion, it no more than opposes Islam’s conviction.
Faced with these apparent contradictions, many analysts in the West have decided that fundamentalism defies all generalization. Instead they have tried to center discussion on its supposed “diversity.” For this purpose, they seek to establish systems of classification by which to sort out fundamentalist movements and leaders. The basic classification appears in much different terminological appearance, in gradations of subtlety. “We need to be careful of that emotive label, `fundamentalism’, and distinguish, as Muslims do, between revivalists, who choose to take the practice of their religion most devoutly, and fanatics or extremists, who use this devotion for political ends.”  Fundamentalist Islam remains an enigma precisely because it has baffled all attempts to divide it into tidy categories. “Revivalist” becomes “extremist” (and vice versa) with such rapidity and frequency, that the actual classification of any movement or leader has little prognostic power.
He questions the customs and ethics of the God in various religious texts. Hitchens focuses all of the attention of the book on the negative aspects of religion and decides that due to these negative aspects of religion there is no higher power to the universe. His argument goes beyond trying to discredit religion, but he sees a call to put an end to religion. He states, “Above all, we are in need of a renewed Enlightenment, which will base itself on the proposition that the proper study of ... ... middle of paper ... ...uses does have merit because throughout history religion has had its detrimental effects. What Hitchens has done with these examples is tried to present them in a way to make a person not very well informed in reasoning skills to think that religion has caused only bad.
And like Christianity it appears in many forms around the world. The matter is to look how they are different from one another. Anthropologists argue that the distinctive practices and beliefs should not be considered an inferior form of Islam, but they should count them as equal. Robinson argues that Indian Islam might contain Hindu elements, but they will disappear when those who practice them will gain knowledge on the actual basic practices of Islam. He argues that it happened before when Islam spread to new areas, but it is still one religion with small variations.
Monk, E. and Wagner, B., Concepts in enterprise resource planning, 2nd Edition, 2006, Editor, Mac Mendelsohn, Canada: Thomson Course Technology. OMSP (N.D.) Retrieved from: https://www2.bc.edu/~zhoujd/files/07_SPC Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. (2014). Essentials of organizational behavior. Boston: Pearson. (Dena Baner, personal communication, May15, 2014).
Science Daily. Retrieved March 3, 2014, from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140213142225.htm Tepperman, L., & Curtis, J. (2011). In Social Problems A Canadian Perspective (3rd ed.). Don Mills, Ontario, Canada: Oxford University Press.
There is nothing in the Qur’an or Sharia that actually directly confirms that these three aspects of Islamic society are exactly as we in the West perceive. The problem is that the way that Muslims interpret their scriptures is contrary and even offensive to the West and its common ideologies. Lastly, the criticism and influence from the West toward Islamic culture, in addition to historical colonialization, only intensifies their rejection of the West and its criticism, and actually seems to make the problems concerning Democracy, women, and human rights even worse. Bibliography Esposito, John L. 1980 Islam and Development: Religioni and Sociopolitical Change Syracuse University Press: Syracuse. Macionis, John J.
Gerristen, Anne, and Stephen Mcdowall. 2012. " Journal of World History 23, no. 1: 3-8. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed February 4, 2014).
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Interim Repot. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Government of Canada, 2012. Accessed May 17, 2014. http://www.attendancemarketing.com/~attmk/TRC_jd/Interim_report_English_electronic_copy.pdf.