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Introduction In Racialization of Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism in the United States, the progression of racialization towards Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism in the United States is described by Khyati Y. Joshi. The author reflects on the historical and present social context that birthed the current perspective on how society views and categorizes South Asians. Joshi presents a copious amount of case studies and institutional policies that reflect the effects of racialization of Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism; his conclusion of how it and other minorities are compared to the “white” phenotype and Christian values reinforce the traditions of how society stereotypes South Asians. Overview of the Article Joshi describes in detail how the racialization of South Asians is derived from history and its comparative relationship to western ideologies, more specifically, whiteness and Christianity. The author goes into detail how racialization strips people of their diversity and reduces them to a single aspect to their identity, which, majorly of the time, is religion. Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism are the three religions that Joshi targets as receiving the most pressure to assimilate into western culture. The religious and physical differences excluded South Asian differences ultimately were categorized as “non-white” and therefore as “others”. “Others” groups together other “others”. South Asians were included in this and as such brown skin people are misinterpreted and erased of their diverse culture and religion and affiliated it with Hinduism or Muslim. Due to the normality in associating “good” with whiteness or Christianity, everything else was seen as “evil”. This ideology of grouping “others", despite acknowledging the complexity of d... ... middle of paper ... ...s that society needs to be rehabilitated to acknowledge the differences of South Asians. This is no easy task as religion is not usually the forefront of racial discrimination, but Joshi has implied that future racial studies need to include the value of racialized religion in order to fully grasp and explain racial discrimination. Bibliography Gotanda, N. (2011). The Racialization of Islam in American Law. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 637(1), 184-195. doi:10.1177/0002716211408525 Henry, F., & Tator, C. (2009). The Colour of Democracy. (4th ed., p. 25,26,35,63). Toronto: Nelson College Indigenous. Naiman, J. (2008). How society works. (4th ed., p. 272). Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing. Teelucksingh, C. (2014). “Theoretical Perspectives” Week 2 Lecture. Teelucksingh, C. (2014). “Racism in the Justice System” Week 6 Lecture.

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