“Instead of Leopold’s being the noble antislavery crusader he portrayed himself as, “Your Majesty’s Government is engaged in the slave-trade, wholesale and retail.” Williams produced a pamphlet called the Open Letter that he reported to the International Commission. The pamphlet circled throughout the Americas and Europe and it spoke about the mistreatment of the Africans. Williams saw Stanley’s men killing Africans with muskets, woman being kidnapped, and no hospitals or schools existed like Leopold had stated. Most people ignored him because George Washington Williams was black. I believe Hochschild wrote an extensive amount about Williams to show how much of a grasp Leopold had on the Congo and how difficult it would be to abolish what had already been
There were many reasons for the European countries to be competing against each other to gain colonies in Africa. One of the main reasons was that the Europeans believed that the more territory a country was able to control, the more powerful it could become and the more powerful it would be seen as by other countries. Other reasons for the desire to control African land included the many natural resources that could only be found in Africa, such as diamonds, gold, and as time progressed, rubber. It also provided new markets in surrounding places so that manufactured goods could be sold for a larger profit. The Europeans had many motives for imperialism in Africa.
In this research paper I will be talking about Human Rights. There are many Human Rights Topics; my topic is Sierra Leone- Blood Diamonds. As you know, the phrase blood diamonds comes from the country of Sierra Leone because of the consequences of finding diamonds in Africa. From 1989 to 2003, Liberia was engaged in a civil war insurgency in neighboring Sierra Leone with weapons and training in exchange for diamonds. In Sierra Leone, they take mining diamonds very serious, so serious that you can be killed for it.
King Leopold was not alone in this venture as well. He employed the services and help of Morgan Stanley to travel to Africa and sign treaties with various kings and rulers of Africa to gain their territory. The book does a good job of telling the lust that King Leopold... ... middle of paper ... ... his spine”. Rev. Sheppard saw, firsthand, his friends and ones he loved be killed and tortured at one of the rubber plants in the Congo.
What funds many of the illicit acts, such as major rebellions, riots and coups in Africa? The blood diamond trade is one of the most powerful and dangerous illegal trades in Africa, which has been powering and igniting conflict for nearly three decades. The general purpose of the blood diamond trade tends to contribute to funding many things ranging from armed conflicts for guerrillas to funding militant forces. Such diamonds are illicitly mined in conflict zones, which are once mined, then used by guerrilla forces to fight and defy government control and force, the ramifications can be seen all through countries with major conflict of Africa. These rocks received major use during the time period after the Cold War, which were used for funding the many variety of conflicts across Africa.
The rebels would use the profits from selling conflict diamonds to fund illegal activity and to purchase more weapons for their armies. While rebels had control of the diamond mines they killed approximately 4 million people and countless families were displaced. The acts of violence that were performed by rebels in Africa were horrific. Adults and children were murdered, mutilated, tortured, and raped. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) in Sierra Leone performed despicable acts of cutting off a people's body parts with machetes to instill fear in the community.
Workers in Sierra Leone can be any age and a lot of children are used to fight for control of the diamond fields called "boy soldiers". There are even hospitals specifically for amputees because of how many soldiers and miners get hurt when working to feed themselves and their families. Despite being rich with diamonds the people of Sierra Leone are very ... ... middle of paper ... ...other countries problems however if it means ending the suffering of thousands of innocent people such as mothers , children , the elderly then there is a just cause in interfering in the problem with Sierra Leone and the rebels there that are enslaving and murdering people. The Diamond trade is a large majority of the income of Sierra Leone, and it is vital that we no longer allow it to be corrupt. It is crazy to think but four percent of all diamonds worldwide come from sierra Leone alone.
Many of the goods produced in Europe were not available in Africa or America. The Europeans traded manufactured goods, including weapons, guns, beads, cowrie shells (used as money), cloth, horses, and rum to the African kings and merchants in return for gold, silver and slaves. Africans were seen as very hard workers who were skilled in the area of agriculture and cattle farming. They were also used to the extreme temperatures that people of lighter complexions could not bear. There had always been slavery in Africa amongst her own people, where men from different tribes/villages would raid other villages to kidnap the women for their pleasures, and the men to use as slaves.
In spite of this, Mandela has always been involved in politics that led him to fought war against segregation, and he also has caused many troubles with the government because the minorities were ruling over the Africans majorities in South Africa. His name Rolihlahla describes him as trouble maker. Mandela joins the African national congress in 1942, the South African political Party. Later he opened his own law practice at Johannesburg with lawyer Oliver Tambo where they discussed mostly about ANC. The ANC law practice was the first black law firm practiced in South Africa.
In most other instances of slavery throughout history motives like religion and love for a king drove the souls of the men and women laborers. This is the major striking difference between the Africans enslaved by the white man from the early fifteen hundreds until today. Although today slavery is abolished in all of Europe and America the people of Africa are still in a sense enslaved by... ... middle of paper ... ... domination over others. Bibliography Barrett, E. Leonard. (1997).