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Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that puts the decision on whether an action is right or wrong into the consequences of the action. For instance, if an action has a negative outcome, then it is viewed as wrong. If it has a positive outcome, the action becomes right. This means that the action does not only affect the initiator, but takes into account the interest of others (Driver 1). Utilitarianism is based on the right being that which has a good or pleasant outcome, and immoral being an action with a bad outcome. Utilitarianism also maintains that we should act to maximize the happiness of everyone. Some philosophers see this principle as a strict requirement
Jeremy Bentham, a philosopher came up with principles to utility. He was the first to propel the idea that an action should be judged by the amount of pleasure or pain it caused. His principle explained that a good action is on that brought pleasure while one that caused pain was evil. Bentham goes ahead to differentiate virtue and pleasure and their relation to utilitarianism. He explains that a virtuous person is on who stands for moral values and safeguards the happiness of those around him, qualities that are closely related to utilitarianism as they bring about pleasure (Driver 1). They also argue that the purpose of an action is independent from the morality of the action. These arguments give us the perception that Utilitarianism is different from other moral aspects. Other moral aspects give one the freedom to engage in an action that they believe will result into the best results.
John Mill, another philosopher later adjusted Bentham’s theory. Mill was a follower of Bentham’s work although he disagreed on a number of principles Bentham had stood for during his...

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...trinsic aspects such as love or freedom. It focuses only on happiness and pleasure. It lacks the flexibility that other moral aspects have in their definition. The utilitarianism theory is based on a single rule that positive results of an action automatically make the action moral. This rule is also subjective and does not take into account the varying definitions of happiness. It is unpredictable as it is based on consequences at the end of the action. This calls on us to predict the future, which is impossible. The version definition of pleasure it that it can be of a higher or lower form which is not realistic because every form of pleasure is subject to a particular person or action. As a result, we cannot fully define pleasure in one version. There is more to life than pleasure and morality, which are the only aspects; Mill focuses on in his version.
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