The primary aim of project management is too achieve the project goals and to optimise the needed inputs and combine them to further the aims of the project. (1) Project managers have a number of responsibilities. The project requirements need to be specified and the number of resources needed need to be decided upon and then ordered. The project goals and the resources used also need to be agreed upon with bosses of the project manager. A final plan needs to be decided upon before going forward with the project.
Risk is an integral part of project management. It is therefore essential to put in place a risk management plan from the very beginning of the project's launch. One important origin of the risk management is the planning. The planning requires assessing the main risks and opportunities that may arise over the life cycle of the project in order to predict their impacts and to define appropriate strategies to minimize negative consequences and maximize opportunities. It is important to focus attention on risk management in most projects in order to achieve project objectives under predetermined conditions (Liu, 2013).
Project Management Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. Project managers must not only strive to meet specific scope, time, cost, and quality requirements of project, they must also facilitate the entire process to meet the needs and expectations of the people involved in or affected by project activities. It can also be defined as the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria at the specific time. Project management is all about managing people and plans, successful project managers are aware how important it is to develop, refine, and follow plans to meet project goals. People are more likely to perform well if they know what they are supposed to do and when.
Project managers should be aware that delivering projects on time according to the required standard of quality within the budget of the project is not always attained. This indicates that time management of a project towards its success can be challenging. Therefore, the project manager should ensure that the project is well planned on time prior to execution of activities. However, the planning of the project requires a clear understanding of that particular project. In addition, it is important that the plans made by the project manager are communicated to all participants.
Needs assessments are imperative to the success of a project. They are an essential part of the planning process. A need assessment guides the administrators as they define the terms of the project. A needs assessment is defined as, “a systematic approach to studying the state of knowledge, ability, interest, or attitude of a defined audience or group involving a particular subject” (McCawley, 2009, p. 3). An effective needs assessment provides insight, information, is objective, and assists in identifying gaps in services.
Project management requires a project manager to manage a team varying in sizes to complete a project which are limited by restraints such as budget schedule and resources (Pinto 2015, p. 47). The three major variables which are discussed in context are top management support, competent leadership and ineffective conflict management. Top management support is crucial for effective management, it is their decision which allows a project to proceed, and further their involvement and support aids in a project being completed successfully. Strong leadership is also required,
Disciplined time management is fundamental to effective project management, if a project manager cannot control his own time, then the project cannot be controlled. (Kerzner, 2013). Key elements to time management are planning and prioritisation. Planning is a system in which you categorise what you need to do for a project such as determining objectives, identifying achievement steps, the breakdown of the task into components tasks, time taken and identification of what you require from others (Caunt, 2013, 27). This indicates that a plan can be likend to a process in which steps have to be clearly defined in order for it to work.
The differences between project management and change management are a. Project management is designed to fulfill the organization's goals and overall strategic objectives whereas change management effective helps the management to cope up with the changes that happen because of project initiation. b. A project management works with a project team plan to communicate and execute the actual projects whereas a change management works with the same team to identify the changes needed and effectively manage all the changes in the
Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements. Project managers must not only strive to meet specific scope, time, cost, and quality requirements of project, they must also facilitate the entire process to meet the needs and expectations of the people involved in or affected by project activities. It can also be defined as the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of the team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria at specific time. Project management is all about managing people, projects and plans. Successful project managers know how vital it is to develop and follow up plans to meet project
Scheduling the project task is an important project planning activity. It involves deciding which tasks would be taken up and when. Based on the planned duration of required tests and collection of resources to complete those tasks projected,