Yrah

730 Words3 Pages
During an era of rapid urbanization, America’s production of resources struggled to keep up with the demands of growth. As westward expansion in America reached a close, the need for more industrialized cities increased. Major US cities, such as Chicago, began to rise not only in wealth, but also in population and height. The increase in population caused hazardous situations, however, resulting in many man-made disasters such as the Great Chicago fire of 1871 that destroyed a large portion of the city. To rebuild, the architects needed a new material that was strong but malleable. Steel was the answer to the prayers of the builders who aimed their projects at the sky. Steel is dependent on a specific amount of carbon to be infused into iron. Chemists learned that the optimal amount of carbon was between .2-1.5 percent volumetrically of the steel. More carbon would be cast iron, resulting in more brittle and less malleable material, and less carbon would be wrought iron, resulting in less brittle but also less strong material. A process called the Open Hearth Process was developed to produce the steel. The open hearths allowed for larger batches of steel to be produced to be produced rapidly. This new method required much iron for production as well as a large amount of coal to keep the hearth hot. The United States Steel Corporation (USSC), headed by J.P. Morgan, purchased the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company from the American Government. In one fell swoop, one of the greatest businessmen of all time prevented a recession and allowed for the expansion of US cities. J.P Morgan’s purchase of the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company was essential to the successful growth of America during the 1900’s. The largest producer of steel in the... ... middle of paper ... ...Steel transformed artillery into more dangerous and potent weapons. Military vehicles were also transformed and tanks entered warfare for the first time. Allied boats and airplanes were made quickly with steel provided from the USSC. Without American steel's strong presence in the war, the allies would have been at an extreme disadvantage. Theodore Roosevelt made an economically successful move when he decided to sell the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company. The purchase was critical to the success to the early 20th century America by bailing the economy out of a recession, facilitating victory in WW1, and building efficient and safe cities for immigrants. The USSC went on to become the largest steel producing company in the US, buying out other companies such as Carnegie Steel and Federal Steel. By securing its resources, coal and iron, it secured America's future.

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