In his book Cold War: The American Crusade against World Communism, James Warren discusses the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, its causes, its consequences, and its future. Warren also analyzes why the United States was so afraid of communism and how this fear controlled both U.S. domestic and foreign policy. In George Washington’s Farewell Address, he warned future leaders to avoid foreign entanglements. However, the United States strayed away from this policy in 1941 after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. From then on, the United States realized that with its great power came great responsibility.
She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H). The Soviet Union and its Communist nations of Eastern Europe created a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact. This created a political division of Europe that worsened the Cold War. In response to growing conflict, the US introduced the Marshall Plan to help aid nations with whom they held positive relations with and assist them in infrastructure reconstruction. In conclusion, a post-World War II conflict arose between the United States and Russia as a result of growing distrust between the two opposite nations.
Weatherby and CHEN demonstrate the limits of Kim’s influences with his patron (6). In Weatherby’s article, The Soviet Role in the Korean War, he discusses Stalin’s decision in regards to invading South Korea. The key to this decision was whether it would prompt Americans to intervene in the war (68). CHEN’s article, In the Name of Revolution, discusses Beijing’s decision on intervening, which resulted in a response to the threat to China’s security interests that were caused by the U.S. /U.N. forces aggressive advance toward the Yalu River in the wake of Indochon landing (93).
The Revisionist School of historians “placed the blame on President Truman and the demands of capitalism challenged this viewpoint” (Pipe 2007). Kennan, argues that the Cold War was not to “to blame the Soviets but to awaken American policy makers to the nature of the Soviet threat in the postwar world”. ( (T. J. White 2012) In conclusion, the various historians argue that both sides were responsible for the beginning of the Cold War. The revisionist approach argues that the origins of the Cold War were controversial and also remained very important in understanding the origins of the Cold War.
After promises for free elections were broken by the Soviet Union, the already strained relationships between the two superpowers were worsened. In fear of Soviet expansion, the United Stated adapted a new foreign policy of containment, in which they attempted to stop the progress of communism. The Truman Doctrine of 1947 stated that the United States would help any non- communist country resist the pressures of communism. The Marshall Plan involved sending money to help countries recover from World War II, so that they would be less likely to...
In response to Stalin’s claim, America proposed the policy of Containment to stem the spread of Communism, and the Soviet Union’s ascension to greater power. In response, The Iron curtain was “drawn” and divided Europe into Pro-Communism against Pro-Capitalist. (The Berlin Wall would ultimately be built to act as a scar between America and the Soviet Union). The heated relationship between the two countries led to the Cold War, with no direct battlefront action, yet intense policy affairs between their polar political views. The results of WWII left most of the Eu... ... middle of paper ... ...he NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
President Roosevelt had died on April 12th 1945, and was replaced by president Harry Truman. Also, Churchill had lost the general election, and was replace by Clement Atlee. There were many disagreements at Potsdam, it did not go as well as Yalta. Truman and Stalin were at a disagreement on the decision of the future of Germany. Stalin had wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future th... ... middle of paper ... ... them, as they were trying to 'Contain" Communism.
The escalation period of the Vietnam War, which lasted for a decade (1955-1965) reflected the Cold War conflict in which the US and USSR avoided direct combat and thus avoided the possibility of nuclear war. Instead, the two superpowers battled though puppet forces. While the US backed South Vietnamese government was weak and corrupt, the USSR backed North Vietnamese government was a proud and group of nationalists willing to fight fiercely for Vietnamese unification and against foreign influence. The US faced an enemy that believed deeply in its nationalist as well as communist cause and hated US, and for that matter any foreign intervention. In Working-Class War: American Combat Soldiers and Vietnam, Appy estimates that approximately eighty percent of the soldiers who experienced combat in Vietnam were the sons of blue-collar workers.
Many of the historians perspectives about the causes of the Cold War varies to a certain extent. The Orthodox view generally holds that the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War. It states that the Soviets were inevitably expansionist , due to their suspicion of the West. Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet control in Eastern Europe and decides to ¨plot¨ the spread of Communism throughout the world with Moscow as its centre. The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War.
The final hostile movement of Stalin of importance was the Berlin blockade (insert pic 5) and airlift. When Russia grew dissatisfied with the economic disparity that had developed in Berlin, it responded by closing all road, rail and canal links between West Berlin and West German. The goal was to force western powers from West Berlin by reducing it to the starvation point. While the blame for the Cold War cannot be placed solely on either country (USA & USSR), Stalin's expansionist policy was clearly an ever-present catalyst in the war. Certainly Truman was not blameless, but the U.S. was not expanding its empire, the Soviet Union was.