Although they were killed for meat, their hide was in higher demand. The main reason the buffalo population declined was the industrial revolution. Buffalo hide was used as belts that would drive the machines in factories. Because of their depletion, interest in conservation and protection of wildlife caused a law to be passed who prohibited the hunting of wild animals. The bison were considered sacred to some Indian tribes, such as the Lakota Sioux.
Coyotes and bears are a common sight in the woods. These animals, along with others, are predators that help to control deer population but also decrease the amount of land allowed to the deer. In Western NC, deer rates have fallen and bag limits have been reduced. In Pennsylvania, biologists have conducted a lengthy study to determine fawn mortality and predation. Predators killed 46% of fawns, (Hart).
The reintroduction of wolves has effected game a crossed the western Rockies. In many ways wolves have been a negative influence. They have caused problems in many wild game populations, including deer, elk, and many more. What has caused these problems, how do wolves hunt, and how do we control them? The original wolves were very different from the ones that were planted.
In regions plagued with overpopulation, food is becoming scarce forcing animals to scavenge for plants that they would not normally eat. This unnatural burden on the food chain has a potential for disaster for the wildlife, in a region, as a whole. To find an example of a heathy ecosystem one could look towards the Ireiques, a native American tribe native to Oklahoma. With the existence of an extensive hunting program, allowing hunting in and out of season holds deer to a reasonable and healthy population ... ... middle of paper ... .... For each animal shot it costs around $200 dollars. The meat is then donated to charitable organizations to help feed the needy (Budiansky).
There are also many disadvantages of hunting. By hunting animals, we are hunting entire communities of certain species. For example, wolves are a type of animals that are becoming more and more extinct because we humans keep on killing them. Although hunting helps maintain a natural balance between humans and wildlife animals as stated, it can also lead to extinction if it gets out of hand and no one controls it. By hunting, we lose tons of money because
Andrew Isenberg said that “the destruction of the bison was not merely the result of human agency but the consequence of the interaction of human society with a dynamic environment.” Humans and nature both played a large role in the ultimate demise of the bison. Bison have been around for 10,000 years. Their ancestors where known as giant bison and they were hunted by the paleoindians that came over on the Bering Strait. The giant bison however became extinct because the paleoindians hunted them and at the end of the last ice age, most of the vegetation they fed off of was destroyed. Dwarf bison, the bison that are around today, survived the ice age because the dwarf bison were faster, reproduced more rapidly and required less vegetation to sustain them.
Now 116 wolves now live and more then 75 pups. The controversy surrounding the reintroduction of the wolves are many from both sides. Some local farmers are against it because some wolves hunt their animals. However, if the farmers can prove their animal was attacked by a wolf, then the government would reimburse them for the animals value. Another problem is that some taxpayers are against the reintroduction because it cost them money to get the wolves back into the park.
As of 1995, wolves have been reintroduced into the park. This has come with some strong opposition and yet has prevailed. The future of the wolf in Yellowstone park is now looking bright, although not certain since there still are those who want them banished again. History Many hundreds of years ago wolves roamed the entire North American continent with no barriers and very few predators. As settlers moved into the United States, wolves became more and more scarce in the wild of America.
Before Mayflower Landed, Indians had a Saying "you only killed what you can eat, so that you can eat tomorrow', the forest itself did not provide the optimum habitat necessary to maintain the deer population. The Deer’s were abundant, in areas were forest fires, lightening fires and other catastrophes had started to destroy parts of the forest canopy. Natural enemies of the predators of the deer like the cougars, wolves, coyotes also played a big part in regulating the population and keeping the herds relatively balanced withe habitat. As the south grew, The farmers began the grow crops, and then the war started, the need for cotton began the escalate, so land became a dire need, so the deer habitat once again was threaten, with no food to eat the nutrition stopped the production of the population, so the declining the herds once again was falling. Men hunting deer for meat was still a necessity for most families for survival was still prevalent.
Recreational services are another economic source realized from the management of white-tailed deer. Much of the economics of white-tailed deer management can also be applied to other game species. Herd Health and Regulation White-tailed deer population size will affect the herd’s health. Disease in a herd spreads readily when the population size is large; this is known as density-dependent spread of infection (Habib, Merrill, Pybus, & Coltman, 2011). Frequency-dependency is the spread of infection controlled by the number of individuals infected.