The leader, chosen to led the German people, and enforce the Nazi values was Adolf Hitler. He also violated the terms set out within the Treaty of Versailles. “To the German public, however, Hitler had promised to regain lost German territory and to restore his country to its rightful place in the world. Poland had received German territory through the Treaty of Versailles, the document that Hitler had pledged to revoke.” The treaty led to a loss of pride within the German people, which in turn led to the fascist movement. One explanation for the cause of the Second World War, was the Treaty of Versailles.
New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1948. Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1971. Miller, Donald L. The Story of World War II.
Those injustices provided the perfect arena for the National Socialists, or Nazis, to rise to power in Germany, and inevitably started World War II. The process of drafting the Treaty of Versailles had questionable methods which aid in explaining some of the problems it caused. On November 11, 1918, Matthias Erzberger, the Secretary of State for Germany, agreed to an armistice with the Allied Powers to bring an end to World War I (Buchanan 70). Germany signed the cease-fire under the belief that the terms of the peace they agreed to would look similar to then-US President Wilson’s proposed fourteen points (Buchanan 107). Wilson’s plan for the treaty encouraged Europe to abandon the grievances the war brought and did not harshly punish Germany as the defeated nation (Stevenson 194).
The Fall of Mussolini: Italy,the Italian,and the Second World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Smyth, Howard McGaw. "Italy: From Fascism to the Republic (1943-1946)." The Western Political Quarterly.
They practiced it from the first, 'frightfulness' being merely the German interpretation of the theory of the destruction of morale. Bernhardi lays as much stress upon it as upon perfection of maneuver. The Allies, perhaps keener students of psychology, substituted persuasion for brutality, and developed a system of military propaganda that has never before been equaled. Historians generally refer to WWI as the first 'total war'. It was the first conflict in which modern industrialized societies mobilized their complete economic, technological and psychological resources in order to wage war.
World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2006. p. 542. Olsen, Jonathan. Nature and Nationalism: Right-wing Ecology and the Politics of Identity in Contemporary Germany. New York, New York, USA: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999. p. 62.
Interpretations of the Origins of WWII World War Two began on September 1st, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland, and the French and British declarations of war on Germany two days later. From even before this official beginning to the war, people have continually tried to analyze what actually brought about the most destructive war in history, with many different interpretations having been put forward. Richard Overy's argument is a complex one, involving a look at each of the major countries that entered the war from Germany in 1939, to the U.S. in 1941. Each country is looked at in detail with analyses of how each reacted to the crises in the 1930's, and what the concerns, difficulties, and attitudes were in each country. Another interpretation is PMH Bell's, who takes the thirty years war interpretation, and makes the case for it by looking at how the situation in Europe developed as a result of the underlying forces which greatly affected the decisions made.
New York: Routledge, 1987. Polenberg, Richard, ed. America at War: the Home Front, 1941-1945. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. War and Society: the United States 1941-1945.