Hitler did try to make peace with Churchill, but he refused. The only option left was for him to bomb London. This belief was reinforced by the success of the bombing of Guernica in 1937, when Hitler helped Franco to bomb and destroys the city of Guernica. Hitler thought he could use similar tactics against Britain Constant bombing would have a great impact on the country , whereas Guernica was only a one day bombing.Hitler also invaded Denmark, Holland, Norway, Belgium and France in 1940 so it was important to Hitler to invade Britain as well, to complete his plan. On the 17th of September, 300 German bombers and 600 fighters attacked London.
Then on the 7 of September 1940, as the RAF were on their knees, the Germans decided to begin bombing on all major cities in Britain. So why did the Germans make this critical and eventually costly decision? The first bombing of London was supposedly an accident when two German aircraft dropped bombs on the city. It is thought this because earlier Hitler had said that bombing of civilian targets were not allowed. Even though Hitler has said this Churchill decided to react so the RAF sneaked past the German defences and bombed Berlin as revenge for the Germans bombing London.
Hitler's Luftwaffe had too many planes, too many pilots and too many bombs and since Hitler was Europe's problem, the United States claimed to be a neutral country (Neutrality Act of 1939). Seven Americans, however, did not remain neutral and that’s what this book is about. They joined Britain's Royal Air Force to help save Britain in its darkest hour to fight off the skilled pilots of Germany's Luftwaffe in the blue skies over England, the English Channel, and North Europe. By October 1940, they had helped England succeed in one of the greatest air battles in the history of aviation, the Battle of Britain. This book helps to show the impact of the few Americans who joined the Battle of Britain to fight off an evil that the United States didn’t acknowledge at the time.
During World War II, the whole of Europe was in a complete disaster. Germany conquered many European countries and tortured numerous numbers of Jews to death. The cruelty, ruthlessness and inhumanity of Germans took place in everywhere of Europe. To put this to an end, the Americans and the British decided to defeat Germany by bombing one of the largest cities in Germany, which had a mass artillery production as well as a rich cultural center called, “Florence on the Elbe” (Hickman). The firebombing of Dresden was known as a military bombing.
By looking at these facts we understand that this was planed by the Germans to achieve their plans and they were very successful in the bombing of the Great Britain: The scale of devastation in civilian areas was totally unexpected and that brought the people of Great Britain fear. 2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. After reading about and learning about the Blitz we see that there
They grew to become one of the strongest in the world when World War II started in Europe. The Luftwaffe's Condor Legion that was sent by Hitler experimented with new doctrine and aircraft during the Spanish Civil War. It helped the Falange under Francisco Franco to defeat the Republican forces. One of the operations was the bombing of Guernica in the Basque Country. It was set an attack with a “terror bombing” that caused many death civilians and protests in the democ... ... middle of paper ... ...trength to run away from the flames.
The government came to this decision by looking at past events and problems created by the Germans. For example in the First World War Scarborough was a town which received heavy bombardment and had many casualties. This was on two occasions, i) the bombing of Scarborough by a large German airship called a 'zeppelin'. ii) warships had sailed along the British coast and opened fire upon Scarborough with large German shells. As some casualties occurred this showed that the more vulnerable people would be at risk in the forthcoming war.
Impact of the Second World War on Society The Blitz: n. An intensive air raid or series of air raids. The blitz started on the 7th November, 1940. It happened largely by accident. On the night of August 24th, 1940, Luftwaffe bombers aiming or military targets on the outskirts of London flew off course and dropped their bombs on the centre of London destroying several homes and killing civilians. Churchill, believing it to be a deliberate attack, ordered the bombing of Berlin the following night.
In September of 1940 through May of 1941 there was a strategic bombing attack that was lead by the Germans targeted towards London and other cities located in England, this was known as The Blitz. The Germans aimed the bombs mostly at populated cities, dock yards, and factories. The bombing on London began on September 7, 1940 and lasted for 57 consecutive nights. During these nights of bombing people took shelter in warehouse basements, and in underground subway stations with no privacy and poor sanitation facilities. British radar, detected the huge formation, the Observer Corps started to count the mass of German bombers in the sky, then came a warning call, "One hundred plus bandits approaching..." Fighter Command could do nothing but scramble all twenty two squadrons around London and they vectored towards Thames Haven and Tilbury.
Battlefield Guide By: Janie Massie P.5 Blitzkrieg Event: Blitzkrieg Date: September 1, 1939-Attack on Poland Quote: “Speed and still more speed, and always speed was the secret…and that demanded audacity, more audacity and always audacity.” – Major General Fuller Events: On September 1, 1939, Germany successfully invaded Poland, using the Blitzkrieg tactic. They were attacked from East Prussia ad Germany in the north, and Silesia and Slovakia in the south. More than 2,000 tanks and 1,000 planes broke through Polish border, and used an encirclement attack. After lots of bombing, Warsaw surrendered to the Germans. Outcome and Impact: The Germans used this tactic to successfully take over many countries; and even though they lost to Great Britain, the German Blitzkrieg still invaded the Soviet Union in June of 1941.