World War II

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World War II During World War II, Nazi commanding officers, and soldiers under their command, carried out crimes against humanity in order to please their commanding officers or out of fear of what may become of the, if they did not comply with their orders. What could have been going through the minds of Nazi officers and soldiers while they were carrying out the orders they had received to almost wipe out an entire race of people? The Nazi criminals were brought to justice in what was called the Nuremberg Trials. The prosecutors that brought the Nazis to trials consisted of the four powers of the United States, Great Britain, France, and Russia (Britannica 1). The Nuremberg trials were basically a series of trials held in 1945 through 1946 in which former Nazi leaders were indicted and tried as war criminals by the International Military Tribunal (Britannica 1). The indictment lodged against them contained four counts: (1) crimes against peace, (2) crimes against humanity, (3) war crimes, and (4) "a common plan or conspiracy to commit" the criminal acts listed in the first three counts (Britannica 1). Were the Nazi soldiers to be held responsible for the actions they carried out on their prisoners, or did they have the option of denying their superior officers and doing what they thought to be right and just? Were the trials conducted at Nuremberg legal? "The indictment of the organizations raised a fundamental legal question: the legitimacy of creating a legal system of guilt by association" (Court TV 2). The Nazis argued that there should not be punishment for laws that did not exist before the crimes were committed (Glueck 73). The tribunal took into consideration the defense presented by the defendants a... ... middle of paper ... ...all of that out. People will always have to deal with topics such as suggestibility, and it is there responsibility to make sure that they do what is right no matter the consequences of their actions. What they choose to do will have an impact on society, no matter how big or how small the situation. Society must make good decisions on how people act and influence others, if people do not learn how to go against what is morally wrong, there may someday be another Holocaust, and another trial such as those held at Nuremberg. Bibliography: Glueck, Sheldon. The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War. Alfred A. Knopf Publishing. New York, New York. 1946. Encyclopedia Britannica Online > Court TV Online > Behrens, Laurence, and Leonard J. Rosen. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, seventh edition. Longman Publishing.

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