Marx's goal was to eventually eliminate the two classes and that way everyone will be equal and there would be no class struggles. Marxism is an economic theory because when things in society are not equal we look at the essentials people have. In this case the bourgeoisie have everything and own all production and the proletariat work hard and own nothing, this creates conflict. The proletariat class is being oppressed and is looking for equality where they can move up in society and they start to question the state. It is a trickling effect that starts with the class struggle and moves up to the state and eventually creates a revolution.
Q1: A: According to Marx, historical materialism has been controversial and is a part of the evil that has caused class struggle. Ruling and lower were two classes that were struggling against each other till one finally wins and becomes the new ruling power. Marx and Eagle clearly highlighted the importance of both classes in Communist Manifesto, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (pg. 344). Marx, who began his argument by stating his belief that all humans should be able to live equivalent lives under self-governing rule, and materialism, is a system that stops such equality from being achieved.
My previous understanding of Marxism was this ideology of creating an equal society with the issues surrounding the class struggles has the motivating force behind wanting the change. I was taught to see Marx as a materialist and that he had an interest in why there was a division between people, i.e. the rich and the poor. I was also taught that Marxism is a form of socialism, where the lower class rises up and begins to work for themselves and ultimately all workers would be owners as well creating equality amongst all people. Basically my understanding of Marxism is the opposite of what capitalism provides a society.
It was these individuals that controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats. For example, the bourgeoisie make property into a right because they are the ones with the property. However, without their power force of labor behind them, the bourgeoisie class would crumple. To accomplish a revolution, the workers (proletariats) would need to rise up against the bourgeoisie and take back the factors of production. Marx believed that after the inevitable revolution of the proletariats against the oppressive force of the bourgeoisie, a communistic form of government would take hold.
Labour power makes capitalist to take advantage of proletarians who do not own anything and work for them in order to survive. In the capitalist societies there is inequality in income between rich and poor, especially in wages and the distribution of money. Also Marx argues for the exploitation of the working class by the bourgeois and tries to keep surplus value that benefits them. Capitalist is a system of class struggles in order to survive, it created conflicts amongst others and humans see other humans as competitions. As I mention above the critiques of Marx is still relevant in capitalist societies, for instance United States, where there is a lot of inequality and different classes.
Karl Marx - The Victory of the Proletariat and the Fall of the Bourgeoisie In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx writes of the proletariat working class on the verge of revolution due to the overwhelming oppression perpetrated by the bourgeoisie. Marx lays out a sequence of steps, which demonstrate the coming of the revolution, a revolution caused consequentially by the actions of the bourgeoisie. As the bourgeoisie constantly form new ways to revolutionize production, they invariably move toward a consequence wherein the working class discovers its oppression and turns to the only means of change possible, a complete revolution. Marx first discusses the necessity for the bourgeoisie to revolutionize instruments of production, an action necessary for the benefit of their own profit. The owners, who incessantly “resolve personal worth into exchange value,” (p. 828) attempt to derive new forms of production to minimize the “callous ‘cash payment’” owed to their workers in order to maximize the surplus of production.
Karl Marx directs his attention to the bourgeois and proletarians in The Communist Manifesto. Marx thought that the two classes would continue to raise the conflicts in their corresponding classes because of the nature of capitalism. Karl Marx viewed the bourgeois as “the ‘dangerous classes.’ The social scum” (Marx 20), which depicts the status of bourgeois in his eyes. They own nothing but the right to sell their own labor. In order to remove the wealthy class from its position, Marx advocated the people to start a revolution.
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx challenges the capitalist society and gives his solution to it. Marx takes a standing on capitalism with his book, The Communist Manifesto and displays his view of the problems of the society and how to fix them. Marx gives his critiques of capitalism and in a plethora of ways. Some of these critiques are the exploitation of the working man due to the greed of the ruling class and the working class becomes like slaves to their bourgeoisie masters. Marx also gives solutions to the problem, he makes the statement that capitalism needs to be worked and run as a whole not worked by the many and run by the few.
More than anything else, the two philosophers had a grievance with workers not having control over t... ... middle of paper ... ...his class in being assimilated into the proletariat as society becomes more urbanized and reliant on industrial production. Petty-bourgeois socialism arises from this class, but holds up the standard of the proletariat, with whom the bourgeoisie are a shared enemy. I feel that the most influential quote in the book is "In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all". This is a claim that once the proletariat achieve political power, the eventual result will be a classless society. Abolishing bourgeois modes of production undermines the continued existence of class hostility, and without class hostility, the proletariat will lose their own class character.
The bourgeoisie’s role in production, and thus revolution, exists in terms of both Marx’s concepts of the base and the superstructure. Marx proposes that the bourgeoisie, through its control of the means of production has succeeded in ruining the common bonds that once created harmony within the public (CM, 475). With regards to the base itself, the bourgeoisie’s unequal control over the means of economic production causes the anger of isolated workers (Wage Labor and Capital (WLC), 216-217). Beyond this, the bourgeoisie also enable revolution as much ... ... middle of paper ... ...g about social change, and even argues that this change will ultimately be inevitable, and lead to the disappearance of the unjust social structures which now surround us. Through this, I feel that Karl Marx was one of the first, if not the first transformational leader in history, which makes him such a historical leader.