Work Motivation Essay

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LITERATURE REVIEW Schuarts (2003) defined motivation as a set of factors that cause people to behave in certain ways. From the management’s viewpoint, the objective is to motivate people to behave in ways that are in the organizations best interest. According to Kanfer’s (1990) work Motivation is commonly defined as the psychological process that determine or energize the direction, intensity and persistence of action within the continuing stream of experiences that characterize a person in relation to his or her work. As many have noted, such definition essentially describes operations in the small space that unifies cognition, affect and behaviour. Work motivation is not property of either the individual or the environment, but rather the…show more content…
This definition emphasizes the distributional aspect of motivation, and accounts for the critical process by which an individual exerts control over his behaviour. As Pritchard and Ashwood (2007) note, motivational control over behaviour is achieved largely through allocation of resources across actions. This is significant because often motivation is not actually measured; instead performance is used as a proxy measure of motivation. Work motivation has long been recognized as an important determinant of personal and organizational accomplishments. The centrality of work to personal well-being is rarely debated, as exemplified by the relatively robust finding that general mental health is negatively related to the length of time an individual seeking work remains unemployed (Mckee-Ryan,…show more content…
Hygiene factors are needed to ensure the employees do not get dissatisfied, they do not need higher levels of motivation but without them, there is dissatisfaction. Typical hygiene factors are the working conditions, supervision quality, salary and security, company’s administration and policies and interpersonal relations. Motivation factors are needed in order to motivate the employees to higher performance this factors result to satisfaction and psychological growth, examples of this factor are the achievement, recognition for achievement, advancement and growth (Value Based Management,
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