Sophocles uses his character Antigone to show that women should stand for what is right and good to them and the whole society. He reinforces the independence of a woman. He shows that women should be obedient, visible and they should also be heard. According to Sophocles works, a woman has the right to follow her thoughts and desires. She can stand for what she believes in. Shakespeare challenges the independence of a woman. He demonstrates that an ideal woman is the one who is submissive, obedient and meek in the presence of her husband. He shows that a woman should not take a position higher than a man`s.
During the late 1800s, gender inequality was one of the common issues that existed in the society. Men and women were often distinguished among themselves. Men were regularly portrayed as the one who had power and strength, whereas women were supposed to do all the household work and they were seen as weak and trivial. Henrick Ibsen shows a prefect illustration of this example in the play A Doll’s House. Ibsen develops a notion of how the existence of gender roles in society affected one’s lives. The protagonist Nora, whose identity is shaped after seeing her husband’s actions, which depicts his beliefs of gender inequality, demonstrates this idea.
The treatment of women has been an issue for hundreds of years in all parts of the world. Some places in the world are worse than others, however no one place is free from discrimination. In the time of Sophocles, sexism towards women was accepted as the norm. Women were treated less of value than men, they were powerless and had a specific role assigned to them by their male dominated society. But in Antigone, Sophocles allows himself to express his view of how women should be equal to men. Through Antigone, three traits prove that women can be like men; bravery against Creon’s orders , she enhances power to rise out of their submissive position and took pride in her downfall to death.
“The emotional, sexual, and psychological stereotyping of females begins when the doctor says, ‘It's a girl.’” (Chisholm). Where do women fit in the social order of society today? Many women today fit in the same role as they would have been expected to long ago. Though generally speaking, women have a lot more options today. The male hierarchy still governs most aspects of society, but with many more limitations because women are discovering that they can stand on their own, and have no need for constant regulating from their male counterparts. Patriarchal influences are the base of society. In Antigone Sophocles tells a tale about Greek values and women’s status. Antigone has just witnessed her two brothers kill each other; one brother died defending Thebes and the other died betraying it. Creon’s law keeps anyone from burying the traitor and Antigone is set on contravening this. Conversely, Ibsen’s playwright, A Doll’s House, is a story about an intelligent woman, Nora, who is misunderstood by her husband, Torvald. She takes desperate measures to keep her family intact but in the end wines up going out on her own. As the stories progress the both Nora’s and Antigone’s characteristics become very similar in that they are both rebellious, are subservient to male jurisdiction, and are resolute and strong-willed in their decision.
This fact plays a crucial role in the mood of the play. If the reader understands history, they also understand that women did not really amount to any importance, they were perceived more as property.
The music group, Aqua, once sang in their song, “Barbie Girl,” “I’m a Barbie girl, in a Barbie world. Life in plastic, it’s fantastic.” Aqua’s lyrics symbolize the role women had to play in the 18th century. Women were expected to perform like perfect human beings, and put a smile on their faces regardless of the situation. They were expected to follow the rules at all times and submit to men in an instance. Antigone, written by Sophocles, and A Doll’s House, written by Henrik Ibsen, demonstrate the interaction and roles with men and women during the 18th century. The main characters in both plays, Antigone in Antigone and Nora in A Doll’s House, show how women have struggled to find their place in the social order. They had to fight for what they wanted and face dire consequences if they disobeyed the law. Sophocles and Ibsen display the constraints placed upon women in patriarchal societies and examine how the women overcome them by creating characters that display the following characteristics: strained relationship with men, braveness, and heroine.
Shakespeare’s Taming of the Shrew and Ibsen’s A Doll’s House portray women in many ways. Both authors have strong feelings about women and weren’t afraid to express them in their writing. Shakespeare’s views about women differed greatly with those of Ibsen’s. Both Kate, from Taming of the Shrew, and Nora, from A Doll’s House, were mistreated by the men in their lives. Throughout this paper you will hear supporting details about how the two authors had contrasting ideas about the way men should treat women.
...a and Antigone in this doltish way to show the members of their society and our society today that a woman can be smart. Ibsen and Sophocles were way ahead of their time. Most women even back in the 1800’s went from the hand of one man to the next. They listened and obeyed everything that their fathers said then when they were old enough to get married they listened and obeyed to everything their husband said, and that was how there life was. Antigone and Nora show women, in particular, in 440 B.C. and in the 1800’s that it was a good thing to be independent and stand up for what you believe in. They show the whole audience and the world even today that they are strong and courageous and have great motivation that helps them get through their life whether that means they end their own life or they move away from the men holding them back from their full potential.
All of these plays had so many different things in common when it comes to women’s roles in society. So many men seem to think they have the dominant role in a marriage, and can take over. A lot of things have changed since then, and it is not always the man who makes the decisions, but the woman makes some major decisions as well.
Would you think that one day men would no longer be the dominating gender in society, while women would be doing things thought unheard of before like working a career? In ancient Greece and pre-modern Norway authors began thinking up unthinkable situations for their times. These situations were based on questions very similar to these. These ideas were thought of as scary, fictional, and even comedic for their time. Gender roles in society are virtually thematic in the two stories A Dolls House and Antigone. A Doll’s House, written by Henrik Ibsen is a story about the wife battling to hide a loan that kept her husband alive, because if anyone found out society would crash upon her for her bold actions. Antigone, written by Sophocles, is a play about a girl defying men to do what man didn’t to please the gods and bring honor to her family. In almost all societies before the modern age, women have been thought to be naturally below men. Both main female characters, Antigone and Norah, have fought against society to take responsibilities, as they rise from their status to face problems and challenges of men. Creon and Torvald both are seen as the pressuring masochist and spouse in Antigone and A Doll’s House. Sophocles and Ibsen draw many of the same characteristics and flaws of men. The characteristics of the men in these societies and plays are that they ridicule and anger women, they misjudge women’s capabilities and how much they really do, and they both have a very apparent arrogance.
Societal expectations during this time period generally restricted women from the liberties in which their male counterparts partook in. The ideal woman was one who was good natured, cultured, practiced philanthropy, a loving wife, and a devout mother. She managed her household while maintaining her poise and retaining her femininity as a woman. Ibsen creates his main character, for which his play “A Doll’s house” is named, to be the antithesis of the ideal woman. Nora herself may seem like the ideal woman from her facade. She is beautiful, and poses as a distinguished and childish woman. Only after reading the play for one’s self may the reader discover Ibsen’s criticism that he has so cleverly intertwined within his work. By creating his female lead to be a complete contradiction of the feminine ideal, we can see Ibsen’s feminist criticism of gender expectations. Nora is controlled by her husband Helmer on each and every aspect of her life. The men in that century were regarded as they control the women’s life. While on the other hand Glaspell in her play showed how all the women stood together and supported a murderer just so she could be free from prison showing us the feministic view of the society in those days. These two plays are an ideal pair as they show the power of women to construct an identity in the society, women’s interdependence on each other as well as a feministic approach to the society.
Firstly we will commence by discovering how women are presented in Shakespeare’s play .Through-out the play women are presented as immature , impuissant characters : Lady Capulet & Juliet ,all women are regarded as possessions of men ,for them to do as they please . They are ornaments, they cannot speak their minds nor can they make their own decisions. Women are in the men’s shadows.
In the 18th century women were supposed to act like they were perfect. They were expected to be smiling regardless of their situations and feelings. They must always follow the rules set for them and be obedient to their husband. Antigone, written by Sophocles, and A Doll’s House, written by Henrik Ibsen, display the interaction and roles with men and women.
“Remember we are women, we’re not born to contend with men” (Sophocles, 18). The popular literary works, Antigone and A Doll’s House, written by Sophocles and Ibsen, are two famous tragedies that have been performed and read throughout the decades. Although countless audiences have been entertained by these well written plays, few would care to guess that many lessons and several unfortunate truths can be found with a less than tedious inspection of the characters and the reactions they give to their circumstances. The two main characters in these stories, Antigone and Nora, face adversities and problems that are amplified by their society’s views on the rights and abilities of women. The two main male characters in these plays, Creon and Helmer, cause the greater part of the struggle that the female protagonists face. The difficulties that Helmer and Creon create during the plot of these stories are the cause of three major characteristics of what one would consider typical to a headstrong man in a leadership position. The three features of Creon and Helmer that lead to the eventual downfall of Antigone and Nora, are pride, arrogance, and ignorance.