There are about a dozen countries worldwide that have allowed women to serve in every position in their military, including combat and submarine units, for many years. Throughout our nations history women have played an important role in the military; however, it was not until recent years that they have been able to fully contribute to the military in all areas. All throughout history there are examples showing that women are just as capable of hand-to-hand combat and leading an army as men are. In past centuries the most common occasion in which women would take part in battle was if their castle, homes, or towns were being attacked. In medieval times a women was expected to defend her home if her husband was not there.
A historical analysis will establish that women are capable of meeting the demands of war, having served in numerous combat and combat-support positions. Mary Hays McCauley, also known as Molly Pitcher, fought in the Revolutionary War, taking over her husband's cannon duties after he was wounded. Margaret Corbin also fought in the Revolutionary War during the Battle of Fort Washington. During the Civil War, thousand of women served in both the Union and the Confederate armies, primarily as nurses. Elizabeth Newcom joined the Missouri Volunteer Infantry during the Mexican-American War disguised as a man, and served for some time before her deception was discovered (Valceanu 22).
Stremlow, Mary V. "Marine Corps Women's Reserve." Women in Military Service for America. Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation, n.d. Web. 14 May 2014.
Although women are not fighting on the front lines, they help in many different ways in the military such as being nurses and women Air force Service Pilots. In his career, General Martin Dempsey has noticed an improvement in the culture, discipline, and physical prowess since women first joined the military (Harris 2). Leon E. Panetta once stated that women are willing to fight and die alongside men, proving that everyone is committed to the job (Roulo 2). In November of 2012, four female soldiers planned to sue the Department of Defense because the “brass ceiling” was stopping them from proving they could fight (Harris 1). The American Civil Liberties Union and others supported them because they thought the military was discriminating against women (Harris 1).
One significant change that women faced was that they could now receive a higher education and this was now seen as socially accepted when once it was looked down upon. Women were now educators and they would recruit qualified individuals for government service. Many women joined the armed forces in order for the men to launch into combat. They women served as nurses, typists, clerks and mail sorters. Ther... ... middle of paper ... ...he War: American Women in World War II."