One of the biggest roles of women in the second world war was working war factories. these were regular factories that had been converted to help the war effort. For example instead of making cars they would make tanks or instead of clothing the factory would make uniforms. Before the war started these factories were generally staffed by men but now most men were drafted into the military leaving tons of available factory jobs open for the taking. Women jumped at the chance to fill these positions, bring in some extra spending money, and support their family, country, and the feminist rights movement.
It all started on September 1st, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, the cause of World War II. WWII was the worst war ever in American history. One of the main reasons why it started was the rise of dictatorships in Europe. Although the Americans didn’t join the war until December 7th, 1941 when the Japanese decided to launch an attack on Pearl Harbor, killing more than 2300 American’s, which forced us to join the war. WWII had many different effects and changes on the people in America, the American Women, African Americans, and the Japanese experienced many of these changes.
Women’s Role During World War II During World War II, thousands of women in various nations were deeply involved in volunteer work alongside men. Before World War II, the women’s role was simply to be a wife to her husband, a mother to her children, and a caretaker to the house (Barrow). As World War II raged on, women made enormous sacrifices for their family, and also learnt new jobs and new skills. Women were needed to fill many “male jobs”, while men went off to fight in the war. Women served with distinction in The Soviet Union, Britain, Japan, United States, and Germany and were urged to join armed forces, work in factories, hospitals, and also farms to support the soldiers fighting the war.
As a result of Japan’s forces, others had to pay for something that they did not even do. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, the United States and Britain declared war on Japan, which caused a nationwide prejudice against all Japanese-Americans, which caused President Roosevelt to sign the Executive Order 9066and send Americans to internment camps, then after all of this the U.S. bombs Japan, ending the war and eventually congress rescinds the Executive Order 9066. After 18 months of planning, Japanese forces finally decided to take action. Their goal was to cripple the U.S. fleet so they could attack and capture the Philippines and Indo-China. Their goal for attacking and capturing the Philippines and Indo-China is to secure raw materials needed to maintain its position as a global military and economic power.
On December 7, 1941 Japanese planes bombed the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This surprise attack destroyed several naval ships and killed over 2,300 Americans. President Franklin Roosevelt described this tragic day as “a date which will live in infamy.” There was a huge fear of racial superiority of Asians, the suspicion of Japanese Americans as spies for Japan, and denial of equality rights for the Japanese. Congress declared war on Japan the following day. Out of the everlasting fear of racial superiority, panic of attack and suspicion of the Japanese in the United States, on February 19, 1942, just two months after the attacks, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 that called upon the evacuation of over 110,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps in the west coast.
Attack on Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor was a very vicious attack by the Japanese on the US. On December 7, 1941 US Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese fighter jets. United States had been aware of a possible attack since the 1920s; the US became more involved when the Japanese invaded Manchuria. Attack on Pearl Harbor was the beginning of something big, a bloody war between the Japanese and the United States. United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Hundreds of aircraft were parked squeezed into sections of the base that was attacked. This Is the main reason that the attacks on pearl harbor were so devastating to the U.S..The Japanese had a plan to destroy the U.S. fleet. The plan was organized in such a way to assure the U.S. would not fight back. The plan was to attack early when the sailors were eating. Catch them by surprise and then when they dropped about 1800 lbs of bombs on the base in just 10 minutes.
Many citizens tried to dissuade Congress from providing succor and supplies to Britain and France, but that attitude quickly changed when a surprise attack occurred directly on American soil. On December 7th, 1941, approximately 26 months after the war begun; the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked a fleet of U.S Navy ships in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Material damages included 21 ships, 8 of which were well equipped battleships, and 350 ... ... middle of paper ... ...d relate directly to the camps, the root of all their problems began with the prejudice they faced. When they first heard of the attack on Pearl Harbor, many of the internees, especially Issei, began destroying any possessions they owned that linked them to Japan, even if they were valuable family heirlooms. They purchased war bonds and joined the Red Cross and army.
In 2 hours, the Japanese had sunk/damaged 19 ships, more than 2, 300 Americans were killed, and 1,100 wounded in the process. This action of the Japanese was surprising and unexpected because of the racism during the time and believing that Asians were not capable of these types of actions. As a result of the bombing, President Roosevelt believed that December 7, 1941 was “a date which will live in infamy”. The United States had declared war on Japan and the allies of Japan. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor was due to the United States cutting off oil to the Japanese.
The Japanese government was further outraged when the United States stopped all trade with Japan. Japan was naturally low on necessary resources like oil and coal, and they saw that move as a threat to the nation’s survival. Japan sought revenge on the United States and with great precision and care, they created a plan. General Yamamoto sent a surprise bombing on the United States fleet in Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 at 8:00 AM. This bombing caused nearly 23 ships to be damaged or sunken.