Women Who Made an Impact During the Civil War

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Dorthea Dix was born in Hampden Main, in 1802. She started teaching charity schools and writing textbooks at age 14. She became a social reformer, and her loyalty to the welfare of the mentally ill led to a widespread of international reforms. After seeing all the horrifying conditions at a Massachusetts prison, she spent the next 40 years lobbying U.S. and Canadian legislators to initiate state hospitals for the mentally ill. Her efforts affected the building of 32 institutions in the United States. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out she provided her services and eventually was named superintendent of United States Army Nurses. She was accountable for setting up field hospitals, first-aid stations, drafting nurses, managing supplies, and managing training programs. Although she was very effective and concentrated, many people thought she didn't have the social skills necessary to navigate the militaries bureaucracy. Yet she stayed after the war, helping to track missing soldiers, write letters to families, and help soldiers secure their pensions.

Clara Barton-

Clara Barton was known as one of the most honored women in American history. She was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government. She worked as a recording clerk in the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, D.C. when the first united of federal troops came into the city. She devoted her personal assistance to the men in uniform, some who had already been wounded, hungry, or were without bedding and clothing. She also started providing supplies to the young men of the Sixth Massachusetts Infantry who had been ambushed in Baltimore in the uncompleted Capitol building. She helped them write letters, and pray with them.
Clara was known as the "Angel ...

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...gan Infantry for a 3 year recruit. She pulled off her disguise for nearly a year. She was in the Battle of Blackburn's Ford, the First Battle of Bull Run, and the Peninsular Campaign of April-July.
She took missions behind Confederate lines "disguised" as a women more than once. Her disguises allowed her to move in Confederate camps and gather information for the federal cause. When in the swamps of the Chickahominy River she became very ill that even doctors wanted to hospitalize her. She wasn't ready to be discovered yet, so she disappeared from the Infantry and while she recovered she was Sarah Emma once again. Finally in 1882, she let the whole world know that Frank Thompson and Sarah Emma Edmonds were the same person. She was the only woman to get into the Grand Army of the Republic as a regular member, and included in the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame.
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