After being ousted, she returned to reforming the treatment of the mentally ill. Dorothea Lynde Dix Harriet Tubman (1820-1913) was a former slave who escaped slavery in 1849 at the age of 29. Harriet was passionate about saving other slaves from slavery. She began the Underground Railroad and helped lead over 300 slaves to freedom. Union officers recruited Harriet as a spy shortly after she volunteered to cook and be a nurse at a military hospital. She became the first woman to help lead a military expedition.
They believed that she was sent from God to free them. Throughout all her trips back and forth through the Underground Railroad, the reward for the capture of Harriet was up to $40,000. This made it even more difficult for Harriet to make it safely through the woods and trails, though she was never captured (Smith par 5-6). During the Civil War, Harriet Tubman became very prominent. She became a nurse, a scout, and a spy for the Union forces.
She made claims against the government for black soldiers pay and/or pension. „h Harriet was sold and separated from her family, so she ran away at age twenty-eight and found her way to freedom on the ¡§Underground Railroad.¡¨ There she led slaves out of the South to freedom in the North or Canada. These fearless blacks were called ¡§Conductors¡¨ on the Underground Railroad. Blacks called her ¡§Moses¡¨ because she led her people to freedom. „h Harriet appeared as a guest speaker with Elizabeth Cody Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, pronouncing the rights of women¡¦s suffrage and control of property and wages.
Harriet was very instrumental for abolishing slavery in the 1800’s. When Harriet Tubman was younger she went through tough times with her family. She was always around violence but this made her a stronger person. Escaping from her plantation, Harriet found her way to Philadelphia and found work there to raise money for freeing slaves. She was the conductor of the Underground Railroad and she led hundreds of slaves to freedom.
Her efforts affected the building of 32 institutions in the United States. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out she provided her services and eventually was named superintendent of United States Army Nurses. She was accountable for setting up field hospitals, first-aid stations, drafting nurses, managing supplies, and managing training programs. Although she was very effective and concentrated, many people thought she didn't have the social skills necessary to navigate the militaries bureaucracy. Yet she stayed after the war, helping to track missing soldiers, write letters to families, and help soldiers secure their pensions.
She worked to end slavery. She decided to become a conductor on the Underground Railroad (a network of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the South). On her first trip in 1850, Harriet Tubman brought her sister and her sister's two children out of slavery in Maryland. In 1851 she rescued her brother, and in 1857 Harriet Tubman returned to Maryland and brought her parents to freedom. Over a time period of ten years Harriet Tubman made an estimated 19 trips into the South and brought about 300 slaves to the North.
After Harriet escaped slavery in 1849. She made her first trip back to the slavery grounds, to help her niece and her two children flee slavery. She made plenty of trips back to rescue her younger brothers and attempted to bring along her husband John Tubman, but he resented because he remarried to a free woman. In the mid 1850’s, she travels back to rescue the rest of her brothers and sisters, along with others. In the late 1850’s, she made another trip to help her parents flee, during that time she gained information that her father was endangered of being incarcerated for assisting runaway slaves.
As Jane was serving the soldiers water, a Union soldier, Corporal Brown, told Jane that she will soon be free and can then visit him in Ohio. He tells her to change her slave name to “Jane.” The changing of her name symbolized a changing of lifestyle; no longer would she be recognized as a slave, but as an actual human-being with an identity of her own. The owner of the slaves on the plantation freed them all, including Jane. Jane and the freed slaves left the plantation. They’re destination was undecided, but a woman named Big Laura lead the group.
She used her slyness to help hundreds of slaves escape because she was once a slave herself. According to Biography.com, “ Tubman risked her life to lead hundreds of family members and other slaves from the plantation system to freedom on this elaborate secret network of safe houses( “Harriet Tubman”). Harriet was one of the most important conductors in the underground railroad. Harriet Tubman was motivated to help other slaves because she was a slave herself and had to undergo the horrific experience and torture. Based on Studysync, she doesn’t know when she learned she was a slave and had experienced fear (Petry).
She continued to return back to the South, in order to bring more slaves to freedom in the North. Harriet Tubman had a harsh childhood due to slavery, a dangerous career freeing slaves, and received many awards and accomplished tremendous things. Harriet Tubman was born in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was named Araminta Ross when she was born, though she changed it soon after she married Jon Tubman. She inherited his last name and changed her name to her mother’s name, Harriet.