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Women Physicians Lower Earning Caused By Discrimination?

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1479 words
1479 words
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Women Physicians Lower Earning Caused By Discrimination?
Introduction
According to Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) women physicians make 78.9% of what men make (BLS, 39). Medical is not an isolated sector where women earnings are less than men for doing same work. Women in general in US make 80% of what men make (Blau, Ferber, and Winkler, 196). The gap could potentially be due to discrimination against women. Employers are reluctant to hire women at childbearing age. They wrongly think that women with children become less productive.
The factors that determine a person wage are human capital, occupation etc. Since we are looking at only a specific field of physicians, we can look at the effects of these factors on men and women physicians earning gap. Human capital for both genders is same at the beginning, but due to the house responsibilities women with children work fewer hours, which could decrease their human capital overtime. The gap may be because of the discrimination against women physicians. We will look at different potential reasons for the earning gap beside discrimination such as the share of gap in women decision to tradeoff between career and work, the gender wage gap, explained and unexplained gap, human capital, and feedback effects.

Earning gap due to Tradeoff between Family and Career
Women who are married and have children are joining the labor force in increasing numbers, especially one with college degree (Sasser, 478). They are as ambitious as men, but sometime they have to find a balance between work and family responsibilities. The obstacles to women full participation in the labor force are due to the labor market functioning through old customs where men were considered breadwinner and women...

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...ht not be welcome because the ratio of men disproportionately more than women. Women also do not negotiate as men do which also contribute to the earning gap. The labor market still functions on traditional system which fits only men. The fair labor market would only work when employer come up with flexible schedule for working mothers.

Works Cited

Blau, Francine D., Marianne A. Ferber, and Anne F. Winkler. The Economics of Women, Men, and Work, Sixth edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 2006. Pages 193-202, 240-246.
BLS website, Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by detailed occupation and sex, Household Data. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat39.htm. Accessed in May 2014.
Alicia C. Sasser, Gender Difference in Physician Pay: Tradeoff between Career and Family, The Journal of Human Resources, 2005, Pages 477-502

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that women with children may be less productive and less committed towards their job. employers are reluctant to hire mothers and the earning gap widens for them.
  • Explains that some of the earning gap in women physicians is due to the tradeoff between career and house responsibility. they saw as many patients per hour as men.
  • Explains that medical is not an isolated sector where women earnings are less than men for doing same work. the gap could be due to discrimination against women.
  • Explains that women who are married and have children are joining the labor force in increasing numbers. the labor market promotes people who work long hours and specific shifts.
  • Argues that the difference in pay between male and female physicians could be due to differences in human capital.
  • Opines that lower earning for women physicians is due to gender discrimination. women physicians pay 5% penalty for having one child and 13% for more than one. physicians in general are expected to work long hours for their career success.
  • Explains that the earning gap is categorized in explained and unexplained gaps, based on education, experience, and labor market discrimination.
  • Explains that women physicians have increased from 9.7% in 1970 to 33.8% in 2011 (bls). the lower number can have feedback effects for other women.
  • Explains blau, francine d., marianne a. ferber, and anne f. winkler's the economics of women, men and work, sixth edition.
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