Predators killed 46% of fawns, (Hart). A study about coyotes in Ohio found that even though they kill numerous fawns, the population of deer continues to grow, (Hart). It would be critical to maintain... ... middle of paper ... ... of helping deer control. Non-aggressive methods are the newest forms of deer control including electronic fencing, scaring tactics, and birth control. In the end, deer control is a rising issue that needs to be addressed for the healthy livelihood of deer and their environment.
The original wolves were very different from the ones that were planted. So while environmentalists thought they were helping to level out environmental problems, they succeeded in doing the opposite, by bringing back the wrong kind of wolves they started, depleting elk populations, and wild game. In 1995 the environmentalists started to repopulate the wolves. The wolves started spreading like rabbits, across many states including Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, and Washington. The main area in the spot light would be Yellowstone because of the national park there it instantly hit the News and Press.
Because wolves regulate the carrying capacity, preserve the health of herds, and complete the ecological cycle in a balanced system, they must be restored to Yellowstone. To understand why wolves should inhabit the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), we must first look to history. As Douglas Smith et al say, “The history of wolves in North America and the west is straightforward: we killed them” (108). This statement may sound simplified, but actual wolf extermination was thoughtless and thorough. Many wolves were removed from regions where they weren’t even threats to humans or livestock (Klinghammer 446) because wolves, like grizzlies, were perceived as competitors for land and food.
Now 116 wolves now live and more then 75 pups. The controversy surrounding the reintroduction of the wolves are many from both sides. Some local farmers are against it because some wolves hunt their animals. However, if the farmers can prove their animal was attacked by a wolf, then the government would reimburse them for the animals value. Another problem is that some taxpayers are against the reintroduction because it cost them money to get the wolves back into the park.
As of 1995, wolves have been reintroduced into the park. This has come with some strong opposition and yet has prevailed. The future of the wolf in Yellowstone park is now looking bright, although not certain since there still are those who want them banished again. History Many hundreds of years ago wolves roamed the entire North American continent with no barriers and very few predators. As settlers moved into the United States, wolves became more and more scarce in the wild of America.
While wolf hunting habits are a prime example of natural selection, human hunters are the opposite. They hunt the bigger and stronger deer, giving the weak a chance to reproduce. What about the problem of the decreasing deer population? They have been over-populated for many years, and while good for hunters, this is a problem for the wilderness areas of Wisconsin. Without the wolves to hunt the deer, they overpopulated rather quickly.
Before Mayflower Landed, Indians had a Saying "you only killed what you can eat, so that you can eat tomorrow', the forest itself did not provide the optimum habitat necessary to maintain the deer population. The Deer’s were abundant, in areas were forest fires, lightening fires and other catastrophes had started to destroy parts of the forest canopy. Natural enemies of the predators of the deer like the cougars, wolves, coyotes also played a big part in regulating the population and keeping the herds relatively balanced withe habitat. As the south grew, The farmers began the grow crops, and then the war started, the need for cotton began the escalate, so land became a dire need, so the deer habitat once again was threaten, with no food to eat the nutrition stopped the production of the population, so the declining the herds once again was falling. Men hunting deer for meat was still a necessity for most families for survival was still prevalent.
The reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park did not end the debate of whether wolves should stay or go. Advocates for wolf reintroduction say the wolves control elk and deer population numbers; preventing the destruction of ranchers cattle and the land. Opponents say the wolves kill elk and deer that could be hunted. Ranchers fear the wolves will kill their livestock decreasing profits. Wolves are a natural mean of controlling the number of deer, elk, and other large game in an environment.
The Wolf Trust, and The Highland Wolf Fund are trying to reintroduce wolves worldwide. The reintroductions of wolves at Yellowstone and Grand Teton parks have already begun; to date, about 115-120 wolves inhabit Yellowstone. Around the World, groups are still trying to gain public support and allowance from the Government to begin the reintroduction programs in their areas. The project at Yellowstone was met with some apprehension. Biologists there feared that without the fear of predation during the past few generations, the resident moose at Yellowstone would not fear the wol... ... middle of paper ... ...d have nothing left to eat, and they would die.
One of these groups, P.A.W.S., petitioned, debated, and fought for the reestablishment of the wolf into the southwest and other areas of the country where they once roamed freely. These private enterprises achieved their goals, but they still need the support of the everyday American. Without their support, the wolf could still become extinct, and then the children of America would never know what it was like to hear the call of the wild. People need to understand that to balance nature, wolves need to be reintroduced into areas where they were once abundant. To claim ownership of this fight, one must understand our planet and its animals.