William Thomson's Biography

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William Thomson's Biography Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) was a Scottish physicist who was one of the founders of modern physics, and quite probably the greatest applied scientist of the Victorian era. William Thomson is famous for the creation of the Kelvin scale and conversion factors for the scale, which led to the second law of thermodynamics. William Thomson was born on June 26, 1824. He grew up in Belfast, Ireland as the fourth child in a family of seven. His mother died when he was six years old. His father, James Thomson, who was a textbook writer, taught mathematics, first in Belfast and later as a professor at the University of Glasgow. He taught his sons the most recent mathematics, with an unusually close relationship between a dominant father and a submissive son while laying a strict lifestyle for his children which later served to develop William's extraordinary mind. While most normal children attended elementary school, William, age 10 and his brother James, age 11 attended Glasgow University. While at the university, William showed an outstanding interest in the world of science when at the age of 15 he won a gold medal at Glasgow University for "An Essay on the Figure of the Earth," in which he exhibited exceptional mathematical ability. That essay, highly original, served as a source of scientific ideas for Thomson throughout his life. With this first accomplishment, his father gave him plenty of support and advice as to go to Paris to visit and work with Joseph Fourier, a mathematics teacher to help with his formulas and calculations. Thomson received many awards and honors throughout his era in time as

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