The war was costing the United States too much money and too many lives. The American citizens had to pay for the war from their taxes. The US government spent $141 billion on the war. This meant that the domestic policies were abandoned for what was increa... ... middle of paper ... ... had been humiliated in the eyes of the world and it had to extract itself from the mess. Nixon opened secret talks with the North Vietnamese and in 1975 Saigon eventually fell to the North Vietnamese because they lacked the support of the USA.
The Vietnam War began in the year 1954, after the ascension to power of Ho Chi Minh, who was a communist leader in North Vietnam. The leader was spreading communism, and because the United States wanted to stop the spread, it sent military troops to aid South Vietnamese to stop this vice. The war saw about 3million people die with the inclusion of 58,000 American soldiers. About 150,000 people were wounded during the war. In 1975, South Vietnamese government surrendered the war after the communist forces forced them to surrender.
Johnson used these events to gain congressional approval to enter into Vietnam. However the Tonkin Gulf Incident was questioned to have even happened which makes the war undoubtedly questionable Immediately after the incident . Many troops were killed in Vietnam and the United States eventually lost the war and does not achieve their goal to stop communism. Despite the large amount of conflict in Vietnam that needed to be resolved, escalating the war was the wrong idea by Johnson, as the many consequences of the war for the United States outweighed the potential spread of communism. Once Lyndon B. Johnson became president he had to ma... ... middle of paper ... ...e both of them work the United States economy suffered because spending was clearly increased.
Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Nixon all felt the need to end communism in South Vietnam to bring peace upon the nation. The Vietnam War did not begin until 1965, which was after Truman and Eisenhower’s years in office they still had a significant role in this War. The initialing of the Vietnam War began while President Truman was in office. Truman was a bold man who fought against communism and agreed to assist the French in their endeavor to terminate the communistic rule in Vietnam. This was critical for Truman because of the Soviet defiance in North Korea, which inflamed the tension of the Cold War.
Military Tactics Used in Vietnam War Our study has shown that both sides used different tactics in the Vietnam War and as the war progressed and intensified during the 1960's each side changed and altered their tactics. The first tactic, USA started off with was economic aid and general support. USA provided £500 million to the French for fighting the Vietminh. After the French had lost to the Vietminh and all gone home, south Vietnam became its own country, with a new government, the new governor of south Vietnam called Diem set up to make south Vietnam non communist. America start supporting Diem only because he said he would fight the Vietminh and communism, so the Americans gave south Vietnam general support and start to poor in £1.6 billion into Diems regime.
They were worried that if one country were to fall to a communist leader, so would neighbouring countries. This was known as the Domino Theory. These reasons for joining the war in Vietnam and the fact that the United States did not want to appear weak were the main reasons that the USA withdrew forces from Vietnam so late, as it took from 1968 when peace talks were made with North Vietnam until 1973 when the majority of soldiers had been withdrawn from Vietnam. There were many reasons for the USA withdrawing its forces from Vietnam: the tactics of the two armies, the strong anti-war movement in America, the change in public opinion and the one-sided media coverage. The major turning point for most members of the USA public and government was the Tet Offensive in 1968.
The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal of Forces From Vietnam in 1973 When Nixon was elected President, he promised that he would end the war. In, 1973, President Nixon and Henry Kissinger negotiated a cease-fire and all the American soldiers left Vietnam. I will be discussing why Nixon ended the war and explaining the tactics used by both sides and the protesting of the American people. The Vietcong were the Communists from the North. They used guerrilla tactics.
The conflict in Vietnam was a situation where no matter which path taken, more negative than positive effects would hit the US and their allies. President Lyndon B Johnson took office after the assassination of JFK and now controlled a grieving nation. During the mid 1960s, Unites States President Lyndon B Johnson was forced to make a decision about the future in Vietnam. Any action he took would significantly affect those in the US who were still recovering from the death of a beloved president. Johnson and his advisors quickly narrowed their options down to three distinct options, all with what seemed to provide minimal benefit to the American people.
A massive loss of life for the creation of a demilitarized zone at the 38 Parallel came at too great a cost. And nearly three years after Korea in 1956, when the French were pulling out of Vietnam the United States began training South Vietnamese troops to fight the North. Over the next eight years Vietnam sim... ... middle of paper ... ...given a Presidential pardon by his successor, Gerald Ford. In 1973, the peace talks with the Vietnamese would finally reach a cease fire, and the US military would finally pull out of Vietnam. A year later, the North Vietnamese had reneged on the peace treaty and invaded South Vietnam and by 1976 had unified Vietnam as one Communist state.
However, to be successful, the Vietcong (VC) needed... ... middle of paper ... ...drawal, especially put alongside the events that happened in Vietnam. If images of the Tet Offensive or The My Lai Massacre hadn’t have been broadcast across US televisions screens, the public wouldn’t have realised the horror of the war, put pressure on the Government to withdraw and participated in the backing down of Johnson and the election of Nixon. There are clearly a lot of factors that lead up to the withdrawal in 1973, such as the lack of experience the American soldiers had, the advanced methods of guerrilla warfare and protests. However, for me, the media relate to the public, which evidently participated in the actions taken in, and concerning, Vietnam. I believe that the media and the effect this had on Americans at home was the greatest factor contributing to the withdrawal of forces from Vietnam in 1973.