Why the Soviet Union Signed a Pact of Non-Agression in 1939

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International relations of the 18th century were above all concerned with the balance of power, since no one state felt strong enough to attempt a military conquest of the entire European continent. 1 On the horizon of the 19th century, the development of a rising German enterprise created a cataclysmic downfall of British, French, and American diplomacy. Above all, while under a firm hand by Joseph Stalin, Russia sought expansionist ideals just as much as Adolf Hitler did. The failures of British and French negotiations, under previous attempted containment of Germany with a lackluster Treaty of Versailles, paved the way for Russo-German negotiations that green-lit the eventual invasion of Poland. It was the fundamental dishonesty of British appeasement attempts and resenting French diplomacy that caused no deal between Russia to close. Russia's own state self interest drove her to do an enticing deal that gave no mercy. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact signed on August 23rd 1939 was a deal the West never thought possible. It is leading up to the signing that we saw the death of collective security within Europe. In 1938, France was heavily searching for security after losing a special Anglo-American military guarantee when the U.S senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles.2 France then allied with Belgium, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia in hopes of military influence for future involvement with neighbouring powers; specifically Germany. British policy was handling an invaded Czechoslovakia by Germany. Arthur Neville Chamberlain, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, created aims to handle Germany by working with Russia. British incapacity within the Mediterranean Sea, and the Far East all at once ... ... middle of paper ... ... that the West failed to take, made Russia sign a non-aggression pact with Germany. Works Cited -Carr, Edward Hallett. International Relations since the Peace Treaties. London: Macmillan and, 1937. Print. -Davies, Norman. Europe: A History. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. 661. Print. -The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (Germany-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [1939])." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014. -Kennedy, Paul M. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000. New York, NY: Random House, 1987. 277. Print. -Levin, Nora. The Jews in the Soviet Union since 1917: Paradox of Survival. New York: New York UP, 1988. 330. Print. -Rothwell, Victor. Origins of the Second World War. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2001. 91-92. Print.

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