The Greek victory against Persia was largely due to efforts of mainly Athens but also Sparta as well. Athens was responsible for the major turning points of the Persian invasions, while Sparta was responsible for the deciding battle. Miltiades, with his skilful battle strategies, defeated the Persians during their second invasion at Marathon, which gave Athens a confidence boost on their military. During the third invasion, when the Athenians were evacuated to Salamis, Themistocles had devised a plan to trick the Persians which had resulted in Persian army without a supply line. Sparta?s importance had revealed during their sacrifice at Thermopylae and at Plataea, where they provided the most effective part of the army.
In the book The Trojan War, by Bernard Evslin, Ulysses and Agamemnon both contribute to the Greek’s victory. Many considered Ulysses to be the real brains behind the Greek forces. Although Agamemnon was the leader of the Greeks, many would say he was not a good one. Even though Agamemnon did some good deeds during the war, many of his actions caused problems, and Ulysses often had to come to his rescue. With Ulysses on the Greeks side they had amazing intelligence and bravery.
The Greek and Persian navies engaged in battle at the same time as the ground forces off the coast of Artemision in the Trikeri Channel. This was another engagement of a larger force against a much smaller force. But, just like the land battle, because the Greeks were so highly outnumbered by the Persians, they used the terrain to their advantage so they would not have to fight the Persians on a full scale. While there is much to discuss with the Battle of Thermopylae, I will be focusing on the main, three-day battle that occurred on land and not the battle at sea. History The Greco-Persian Wars began several yea... ... middle of paper ... ...is, and they did so in Spartan fashion.
The Persian Empire fell due to a number of reasons such as bad leadership and poor military tactics; however, the drastic one of all was caused by one man, Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia and the Greek army after his father Philip II died. His accomplishments at such a young age sets him apart from every other king
Achilles and Patroklos I think the reason that Achilles allows Patroklos to fight is because Achilles knows that the Greeks need all the help they can get. The Trojans are very near to their ships and without some great miracle, the Greeks will be defeated. When Patroklos comes to Achilles with the idea of going out in his armor and fighting to try to muster the Greek troops and frighten the Trojans, Achilles is taken in by his dear friend’s plea. Achilles gives in because he knows how much this opportunity will mean to Patroklos, who has always stood in Achilles’ shadow. So as to give his friend an opportunity to gain honor through battle and become great, Achilles allows Patroklos to enter the battle wearing his armor and with his blessing, even though he places a few stipulations on him.
It required a strong fleet of ships and strong funds in order to function. According to Thucydides, t... ... middle of paper ... ...henian who had lead the siege against Samos, realised this but also appreciated the dangers of changing this tactic all together – ‘Your empire is now like a tyranny: it may have been wrong to take it; it is certainly dangerous to let it go’. To this extent, it is reasonable that Athens should use such extreme measures, as it seemed to be the only way in which she could uphold her power and keep her allies close. Yet by doing so she had transformed the original aims of the Delian League entirely, which had a purpose to promote freedom and independence. In the later cases of Corinth and Megara, it was Athens unwillingness to agree on independence that triggered the Peloponnesian War.
The Spartan heroism at the Battle of Thermopylae, during the Persian Wars, inspired all of Greece to fight back with all their might against the invading Persians. Therefore, ultimately allowed the victory at Battle of Salamis, the last of the Persian Wars. Athens was full of joy and did many things to contribute to their win. The Athenian people praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for winning in the war. Their win made the Athenians very confident in themsel... ... middle of paper ... ... other city-states to join them and invade Athens.
The battle was a victory for Alexander but initial came as a surprise. The surprise came from Darius and his army looping around and coming up behind Alexander and his army. This movement switch the position of the two armies. Although this switch was indeed a surprise for Alexander he put to his advantage. The battle strategies and tactics Alexander used and his fast-past action are among the reasons for his success at the battle of Issus.
They handily defeated the Persians, but the Athenians took the credit for it, and paid homage to themselves, through elaborate celebrations of victory. In their minds, they were at the head of Hellas. The Spartans took exception to this and rightfully so. The credit has to go to them as well, for the large part that they played in the victory over Persia. This dissension in the end had a lot to do with the Peloponnesian War.
What causes a military to become great, bond together, and win a significant battle in war? In ancient times, the Greek people, along with their culture, were threatened by the Persian Empire that sought to conquer the Western world. If the Greeks had lost the Persian wars, their way of life and the basis for western civilizations to come would have been lost. The Battle of Salamis was a combination of leadership, technology, and strategy which gave the Greeks an edge on their Persian opponents, setting into affect the beginning of victory for Greece. The leadership of city- states along with individual leadership that united the Greeks into one fighting force that was fighting for a common cause.