Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain’s major cities in the early years of the war?

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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain’s major cities in the early years of the war? The evacuation of children occurred in World War Two. This is where the children were moved from the cities to the country. In this essay I am going to show how the evacuation occurred and some of the effects it caused and the advantages and disadvantages associated with the whole scheme. In the build-up to WW2 the powers and governments were very scared of bombing. England was no exception. As soon as WW2 began Britain began to evacuate the big towns and cities. Cities like London, Birmingham and Southampton along with other cities were all evacuated due to the dangers of bombing. In London alone the number of deaths were expected to reach up to 4 million. People were scared of bombing due to the Spanish Civil war in Guernica where the death rates were very high. As soon as war broke out many children along with teachers, siblings and or their mothers were evacuated to more sparsely populated areas like Yorkshire and Sussex. The government had to organise two waves of evacuation due to the Phoney War and after they got back many were reluctant to go back to the country again. They came back because in the Phoney War (pre-blitz) London was not bombed until the blitz started in 1940. The Phoney War saw many children return to there parents supposedly temporarily but in fact near enough one in four people remained in the cities away from the foster parents and in the country. After the Phoney War many of the children were sent back after France collapsed in 1940. This is because France being invaded suddenly helped people to wake up and once again on the first of September all pregnant women, disabled; under 15’s and patients were re-evacuated to the country once again. Some went abroad to Australia and South Africa. Another fact for this sudden re-evacuation were that the Germans built air bases on the French coast making large important cities in England

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