No single factor or behavior can cause obesity. When children decide to eat more than they need, their bodies store extra calories in fat cells to use this energy for later. Overtime if this pattern continues and their body does not need this stored energy, they develop more fat cells and may lead to becoming obese (Kaneshiro, 2012). Eating Habits Poor eating habits are one of the factors that can cause a teenager to develop obesity. Parents are also a key factor for a child becoming obese, at home parents tend to buy junk food for their children to eat rather things that they should be eating such as fruits and vegetables.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in developed countries. (Fehily, 1999). The population of obese individuals has gone up rapidly every year (Knight, 1984). During the past few decades, diabetes has gone up in many parts of the world and this is associated with increasing obesity (Fehily, 1999). Obesity is a condition of being overweight and is defined clinically by a body mass index (BMI).
Today in the United States, more than seventeen percent of all children are obese (Marcus). Obesity in children is an epidemic that has been rising for the past decade. In 1999 and 2000, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “an estimated fifteen percent of American children were overweight, more than three times the amount there were in 1990” (D, Andrew). Many factors play a pivotal role in the rise of obesity, such as environment, lifestyle, and genetics. So many children are obese today because of over consumption of calories and reduced physical activity.
Heart disease is is a huge risk factor of obesity. A lifetime spent being obese could be a predictor for coronary artery calcification, a major risk factor for heart disease, according to a new study (Woodruff par 1). Researchers from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute found that the rate of coronary artery calcification is higher among people who have been obese for more than 20 years of their lives, compared with those who had never become obese (Woodruff par 2). The researchers conducted scans to see how much coronary artery calcification the participants had during follow-up tests 15, 20 and 25 years after the beginning of the study (Woodruff par 4). The researchers also continued taking BMI and waist circumference of the participants throughout the 25-year study time span to see who would go on to become obese, and for how long (Woodruff par 4).
Obesity has been around for many years but has always been known to be an adult issue. Sadly obesity has now been discovered in children and has become one of the deadliest issues America faces. Childhood obesity has tripled within the past three decades and one in three children in the United States is considered to be obese. Overweight and obese children are at risk of developing high cholesterol, hypertension, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, depression and type 2 diabetes. According to Ashford library studies reveals that “40% of obese children and 70% of obese adolescents will become obese adults”.
Around the world, over one billion adults and more than 10% of children are considered to obese. As the World Health Organization predicts, the number of obese children will increase to 700 million and nearly 2.3 billion adults by 2015. In addition, childhood obesity is correlated with a higher probability of becoming obese adults, premature death, and disability (Kaltra, De Sousa, Sonavane, & Shah, 2013). Many researchers believe that racial composition of communities associated with obesity and that obesity has a big impact on various subgroups in the United States. In a study, the researchers compared the mean body mass index values among the popular races.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, obesity is becoming a national epidemic, with the Center for Disease Control, noting that around 15% of children and adolescents are now overweight. In the last forty years, the percentage of Americans who are overweight has doubled, meaning that an abundance of people have been affected negatively by these following health issues: diabetes, sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease and joint problems (1). Diabetes is a drastic effect of obesity. Statistically, overweight people are twice as likely to develop type II diabetes as people who are not overweight. Metabolic Syndrome is the name given to a group of risk factors that raise the risk for both diabetes and stroke.
“My country, ‘tis of thee, sweet land of obesity” may be a more accurate depiction of the song “America” in today’s society (Fen). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 34.9 percent of adults in America were obese in 2011-2012, and the number of young people who are overweight has tripled since the 1980’s. Obesity is an epidemic that not only causes many health problems, but also puts people at a much higher risk for several other dangerous health issues. Obesity is affected by and effects many different aspects in one’s life. In the simplest terms, obesity is an abnormal increase in fat cells that causes a person’s weight to be more than what is considered healthy for their height (Obesity: MedlinePlus).
The simple answer to that question is that obesity has doubled since 1980 (WHO). Currently there are two main ideas behind the causes of obesity in Adults. The first cause is based on the mind-body relationship. In a paper written for the American Journal of Psychotherapy, Sylvia R. Karasu, M.D. states “Psychological factors include the relationship of mind to brain, particularly as it relates to eating and food choice, cognitive factors involved in self-regulation, motivation and self-efficacy, perceptions of prejudice and discrimination, as well as increased prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, among the obese.” (Karasu).
2002) Since 1980 obesity rates for adults have doubled and children rates have tripled and consequently, it is projected that, by the year 2048, 100% of Americans will be overweight or obese. (Wang, Beydoun et al. 2008) Many chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and various cancers have been linked to obesity. More than 112,000 deaths/year are linked in obesity. (Flegal et al., 2005) Similarly, obesity is a huge concern in Kansas City as was seen in a 2001 survey conducted by Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that showed that counties in Kansas City Missouri were above the State and national percentages (MO - 23.2%, KS – 21.1%, US – 21.0%) for obese persons with Jackson County at the top.