The motto of the many different types of feminism stem around the concept of gender equivalency and for feminists this has translated into seeking gender equality. (NORA 260). Some of the modern campaign... ... middle of paper ... ...ities or differences seems appropriate. Leaving out one of the methods would be incomplete. And there is more to discover.
Thus, Jenner’s emergence as a woman represents how transgenderism is rooted in the binary distinction of gender. Moreover, as Jenner appeared on the Vanity Fair cover with long hair, makeup, and a feminine bustier, she embodied the physical characteristics of “femininity”. Notably, her womanly appearance was accompanied by the statement, “call me Caitlyn”, thus indicating her change in pronoun (Bussinger, 2015). By physically adhering to feminine stereotypes, Jenner’s “acts, gestures, and desire produce the effect of an internal core…but produce this on the surface of the body” (Butler, 185). Moreover, Jenner fashioned herself on the surface as a “feminine” body in order to demonstrate her feminine core.
To elaborate, Scott argues that as a picture interpreter, we must make a distinction between the “ideal and the real,” to understand the true meaning of an image. She argues how the Gibson Girl and the American Girl were two idealised visions of modern beauty and femininity which made women to try to be like them. These two girls became markers of their decade, ... ... middle of paper ... ...mer. I believe that both articles shed a positive light on the emergence of the New Woman in all areas of society; including socially, economically and publicly. Though Scott’s chapter, readers can see how women were influenced by publicities and how they took those messages and brought them into their own daily lives.
Is Gender Socially Constructed or Biologically Determined? In his article, “Gender Role Behaviors and Attitudes” Aaron Devor argues that gender is socially determined through “systematic power imbalances” (677). To endorse his idea, he explains the different feminine activities and expressions. Femininity is behavior and roles assumed and associated to girls and women. The next topic on his discussion list is body postures and speech characteristics; this can help define the femininity in a person.
This gives the social circle a cohesiveness on which the individual women can start to build more complex relationships with one another. Functionalism On a larger scale, body bashing upholds the popular American value of femininity by reinforcing a self-ima... ... middle of paper ... ... in supporting feminine values. The buddy system ensures that a woman who may have a diverse perspective is checked and re-socialized to harmonize with other women, creating a widespread viewpoint across a society. Conflict Theory The persistence and encouragement of group mobility deters women from acting individually; instead, they act as a group, or an amorphous representation of all women, perpetuating the idea that women are not singular autonomous beings, but rather vulnerable creatures of the “weaker sex.” OVERVIEW OF GIRL CODE These four rules do not account for the wide variety of social laws governing “girl code,” but they give us a broad idea of how female interaction gives meaning to individual relationships among females and how it partakes in a larger social environment, both objectively and as interpreted through the conception of justice and equality.
Furthermore, feminists views are examined and they are concerned with improving womens positions in societies. This essay analyzes the differences on what is best for the child among the social groups. Additionally, looking at how mothering differs between these social groups. Although there are many positive aspects to mothering, this essay will controversially examine the negative aspects towards mothering too. Motherhood consists of positive and negative attributes and can be seen as an identity that women wish to gain.
Feminist theorists have also started to question the differences between women, including how race, class, ethnicity, and age intersect with gender. The theory is most concerned with giving a voice to women and highlighting the various ways women have contributed to
Rather than being focused solely on feminist standpoint, Mahowald (1996) suggests amending standpoint theory to include both feminist’s and women’s standpoints so as to account for the diversity of women as individuals and as members of other groups (101). Extending feminist standpoint theory to individuals is consistent with versions of feminism due to the commonality of each’s emphasis on context and relationships, and each’s critique of stereotypically conceived gender roles (Mahowald, 1996, 101). Mahowald (1996) says that the focus on context and relationships involves attention to the many kinds of relationships that individuals women have, both to others and others to them (101). In this sense, an expanded version of standpoint theory continues to maintain a critical attitude towards the relationships and roles that support the oppression of women against the domination of men, whether as groups or individuals. Critical consideration is then given to the diversity of both individual and group women’s
Intersectionality is a sociological and critical theory about how an individual can face multiple threats such as oppression, domination and discrimination when their various biological, social and cultural identities overlap such as gender, race, sex, wealth, age, ability, sexuality and many other characteristics. Intersectionality maintains that oppressive institutions such as racism, classism, ageism and countless more “isms”, are interconnected and do not act separately of one another. The idea of intersectionality applies to both genders but is traditionally applied to women. Victoria Bromley, author of Feminism Matters: Debates, Theories and Activism expresses intersectionality by explaining how power is utilized in various forms to empower
This paper will examine women in Saudi Arabia as well as the United States and address their cultural differences. According to Jeong-Dee Lee (2008), culture identifies as a system full of values, ideas, beliefs, and language that is passed from one generation to the next. Individuals are taught to play cultural roles based on dominant traditions and beliefs about society’s ideas of a gender. What someone culturally experiences as an individual can be different from someone else. Gender norms can be secured within socio-cultural proxies in a communicating process (3).