Why The Industrial Revolution Was Great Britain

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The era known as the Industrial Revolution was known to be the change from the use of hand methods of manufacturing to machine methods. This revolutionary change began in England around 1750 and later spread to other countries. Ultimately, it brought vast changes in the lifestyle of workmen. Farming such as agriculture which was the main source of jobs was replaced by large scale of mechanized manufacturing. Progress in industrial and technology development has been continuous since the Industrial Revolution began. Since World War II, industry and technology have advanced at an ever increasing rate. The revolution moved from a commercial and agricultural economy to an industrial one and this process was completed in England around 1850. Ultimately, …show more content…

C. Allen in his article “Why the industrial revolutions was British”, he noted that Britain had a unique wage and price structure and that they were exceptionally high compared with wages in other parts of Europe and in Asia, while prices of capital and energy were exceptionally low. England excelled in the making of woolen and cotton cloth. The new demand at home as well as in the colonies caused steady growth of English textile manufacturing. The cottage, domestic, or putting out, system of the Industrial Revolution largely replaced the guild system of the Middle Ages. By the 18th century the cottage system began to disappear as a result of a series of important inventions. Hand equipments couldn’t compete with machines which were operated and installed in factories. Spinners and weavers were hired to work in factories instead of at home. With the means of production owned by persons who hired workers, the factory system of capitalism was thus …show more content…

There were no laws controlling wages, hours, or working conditions. The working day might be 16 hours long. Orphans and children of the poor were often apprenticed to the textile manufacturers, and were sometimes chained to their machines. The factories were drafty and insanitary. When workers became ill or were injured by a machine, they received no pay. Their earnings barely kept them alive. Fearing the loss of their hold on the textile market, England made it illegal for workers to leave the country with their knowledge of how the machines worked to prevent countries from running competition with them. Steam power was first used in industry when the steam pump was introduced in the early 18th century to remove water from mines. It was improved by James Watt in 1776. Working conditions in coal mines were even worse than in factories, because of the low height of the mind galleries, women and teenagers were often employed to pull the coal carts while small children were used as door tenders. It became less dangerous with the invention of the miner’s safety lamp by Sir Humphry Davy in

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the industrial revolution was the change from hand methods of manufacturing to machine methods. it began in england around 1750 and spread to other countries.
  • Explains that r. c. allen's article "why the industrial revolutions was british" noted that britain had a unique wage and price structure and that they were exceptionally high compared with other parts of europe and in asia.
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