Why Should Ilokano Language Courses Be Offered in Hawai‘i Public Schools?

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Some of the first Filipinos to come to Hawai‘i were the sakadas or contract laborers who arrived in 1906 to work on the sugar plantations. Since then, Filipinos became the state’s fastest growing ethnic minority. The primary reasons for the Filipinos’ rapid growth are “continuous immigration from the Philippines and high birth rates in the Filipino community.” Annually, about 3,500 immigrants come to Hawai‘i from the Philippines, most of whom are children (“A Brief History”). About 25.1% of the state of Hawai‘i’s population, which is about 342,095 people, are of Filipino descent (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). The three most significant groups of Filipinos in Hawai‘i are Ilokanos (also spelled “Ilocano”) who come from Northern Luzon in the Philippines, Visayans who come from the southern Philippines, and Tagalogs. Of these three groups, Ilokanos are the most numerous making up at least 85% of Filipinos in Hawai‘i (“A Brief History”). With a large number of Filipinos in Hawai‘i, it is important to know how to communicate with them. One of the national languages of the Philippines is Filipino, which is based on Tagalog. However, Ilokano speakers are the majority of Hawai‘i’s Filipinos (“A Brief History”). Ilokano language courses are offered in some of the University of Hawai‘i campuses, and the only public school in the United States that offers Ilokano courses is Farrington High School on O‘ahu (U.H. Mānoa 10). Ilokano language courses should be made available in public schools in Hawai‘i so all students can have an opportunity to learn Ilokano. Offering Ilokano language courses in Hawai‘i’s public schools will teach students a skill that will be useful in Hawaiian society, help increase academic interest and success of ... ... middle of paper ... ...pine Studies. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. Nadal, Kevin L. Filipino American Psychology: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. 9, 21. Print. Tanji, Melissa. "Students From Michigan Interview Maui Sakadas." The Maui News. The Maui News, 7 June 2006. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Requesting the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa And The Department Of Education To Develop, Offer and Expand Philippine Language Courses. Rep. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. U.S. Census Bureau. "Island of Maui Filipino Population by Census Tracts: 2010 (Race Alone or in Combination)." Map. Hawaii.gov. Hawaii State Office of Planning. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. Zialcita, Fernando N. Authentic Though Not Exotic: Essays on Filipino Identity. Quezon City, Philippines: Anteneo De Manila UP, 2005. 8-9, 25. Print.

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