Why Germany lost the War in 1918

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Why Germany lost the War in 1918 After four years of monotonous stalemate the war was finally over. In October the German Chancellor appealed to the USA and by 11th November the armistice was signed in a railway carriage in the French forest of CompiAgne. An end to the war, which had cost so many lives, was the only option for a crumbling Germany. This defeat was inevitable from the outset of 1918 for a number of reasons. They can be split into three categories; the first being the strikes, rebellions and general chaos within a tired, hungry Germany, the second are the gains, losses and mistakes of Germanys military force and the third being the arrival of the USA on the battlefield and the strength of the British and French forces. In 1917 events and uprisings in Russia lead to a potentially crucial change in the way the war progressed. In November a communist rebellion led by Lenin and Trotsky overthrew the Provisional government and by March 1918 the treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed. This non-aggression pact between Germany and Russia meant that Ludendorff could now concentrate his German troops entirely on the Western border, as Russia was no longer a dangerous threat. In many ways this is another main reason as to why Germany failed in 1918 because suddenly Germany could focus her whole strength on to the western borders. The treaty lifted a tremendous weight off Germany's shoulders and was the beginning spark for Ludendorff's motivation to push ahead. Brest-Litovsk was signed by Germany ideally to help them win the war but some Historians would argue that in fact it actually helped them loose the war. The USA was a... ... middle of paper ... ...ly would the fear of a revolution be absent and therefore Ludendorff wouldn't be so pressurised but also the Kaiser may never have felt that abdication was his last resort and if the Kaiser hadn't abdicated then maybe the war would have dragged but because he did the armistice was signed by and eager Ebert who had the total support of his country. Some Historians would argue that the failure of the German offensive was more important because if the offensive had been a success then not only would there be a change of heart in the people of Germany but there would be no need for an armistice if Germany had the upper hand. In conclusion I think that all of these reasons are necessary to the closure of war and in I am no means discounting other reasons by saying that the internal collapse of Germany is more important.
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