Collisions Breaking distance To avoid collisions you need to understand stopping distance. • Thinking distance - the time taken to react by a driver. During reaction time the car continues moving. • Thinking distance - distance travelled before the driver realises to brake. • Braking distance - distance taken to stop. Stopping distance = thinking distance + braking distance Factors that increase stopping distance Thinking distance: • speeding • tiredness • alcohol and drugs Alcohol is a depressant because it slows down the central nervous system. This causes a decrease in motor coordination, reaction time and intellectual performance. If high amounts are consumed the respiratory system slows down drastically also which can lead to death. …show more content…
The stopping distance is increased the faster the speed. Effectiveness of seat belts Seat belts are designed to restrain the person if they get involved in a crash. Since it was made compulsory to wear seat belts the fatality rates have halved and so have the risk of serious injury. Teenagers have the highest chance of being killed when not wearing seat belts which is 67 %. A study in 2009 found: Drivers of cars and vans found seat belts to be 50% effective against fatal injuries, 45% effective against serious injuries and 25% effective against minor injuries. Front seat passengers found seat belts to be 45% effective against fatal injuries, 45% effective against serious injuries, and 20% effective against minor injuries. Rear seat passenger’s found seat belts to be 25% effective against fatal injuries, 25% effective against serious injuries and 20% effective against minor injuries. Though lap belts are effective enough to prevent serious injuries and death, three point seat belts are almost one and half times better at preventing deaths and serious
In North Carolina, the “Click It or Ticket” program was put into place in 1993 by former Governor Jim Hunt to increase safety belt and child safety use rates through stepped up enforcement of the state’s safety belt law. According to North Carolina’s safety belt law all drivers and front seat passengers over the age of 16 are required to wear safety belts. Children less than age 16 are covered under the North Carolina Child Restraint Law. This law requires that children must be buckled up no matter where they are seated in the vehicle. Violators of the safety belt law are issued tickets and are subject to a fine of $25 plus $50 court costs. These violations have been defined as “infractions” and are not entered on driving records. In addition to this, effective January 1, 2005, any child less than 8 years old or 80 pounds in weight must ride in a booster seat. Violations of this law will result in a $25 fine plus court costs as well as having 2 points placed against driver’s license. However, drivers cited for this violation of this law for a 5,6, or 7 year old will be able to have the charges dismissed if they present proof to the court that they have acquired an appropriate restraint for that child. Statistics have been gathered on safety belt use since this program began and has shown that seat belt use has increased from 65 percent to 84 percent. It has also shown that fatal and serious injuries in North Carolina have been cut by 14 percent. Resulting in a savings of at least $135 million in health care related costs. Other positive ef...
In 1966, the National Highway Safety Bureau (NHSB) was designed by the Highway Act. NHSB’s director, Dr. William Haddon, noticed that he could prevent motor-vehicle injuries by applying public health methods and epidemiology. Various passages demanded the government to set standards for the highway and motor vehicles. The federal government responded by developing new safety features in cars such as safety belts, head rests, and shatter-resistant windshields. Barriers, reflectors, and center line strips were placed on roadways to provide direction and illumination. Traffic safety laws, wearing a safety belt, and public education encouraged drivers to make safer decisions. The use of safety belts has skyrocketed from 11% in 1981 to 68% in 1997 and decreases When the community and government understood the necessity for motor-vehicle safety, various programs such as Prior to the implementation, the rate stood at 18 per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 1925; however, the rate stood at 1.7 per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 1997. With all of the new safety features with cars, public education and enforcement of safety laws, “motor-vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States.” Over 23.9 million vehicle crashes were reported in 1997; estimated costs were around $200 billion.
The purpose of seat belts is to keep the passengers in the car during a collision, almost as if the passenger is a part of the car to avoid the passenger from flying out of the windshield causing damage according to the speed of the car it was travelling in. Seat belts are made of a flexible material, designed so the apparatus behind it will tighten up and hold the passenger in place during the very quick deceleration. It is designed so it rests over the passenger’s pelvis as well as the shoulder and across the chest (As Shown in Appendix One), and it applies the stopping force to reduce the damage on the passenger caused by collision. (Physics and Car safety, 2014) While the car is t...
Nowadays, along with the development and increase of economical level, the automobile has become an essential and important transport. Also, it leads to another problem: traffic accident. Over the last century, there were more crashes in U.S than the number of the wars that Americans have been through. Therefore, people started to notice that they need the automobile safety to protect themselves. Over the last 100 years, the automobile safety has changed a lot to give out the best protection that we’re using today. Below are 3 major features: safety glass, air bag and seat belt.
Current seat belt law originated from federal legislation in the 1960s that made it mandatory for all automobile manufacturers to include seat belts in their vehicles as a standard feature. Originally, the purpose of a seat belt was not to protect the occupants in the case of a crash, but rather to physically keep them in the vehicle, as driving was bumpy business.
Ever since the invention of the automobile, numerous efforts have been employed to try and improve its safety features. Judging by the current statistics, one could argue that driving has so far turned out to be a risky business. In actual fact, people of all ages and social status are considered to be in control of lethal weapons whenever they have to drive. According to the National Safety Council, it is estimated that more than 41,000 people lose their lives in road accidents annually and no less than 2 million more suffer from serious life threatening injuries (2009). Furthermore, it is estimated that at least 50% of the people killed in road accidents is as a result of their failure to adhere to safety measures such as wearing seatbelts while driving, driving under the influence, or careless driving (Ingalls, “Defensive Driving Strategies”). As an effect, huge losses occur with respect to life, injuries sustained, and damage to property.
In this year so far, there has been 40 people that have died in collisions where they were not buckled up, as well as 347 people over the last five years in Provincial Ontario alone (@citynews.). So this is becoming a growing problem. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, more well known as the NHTSA has used many different ways of getting their message out about the dangers of not wearing a seat belt. The NHTSA has used all forms of social media, but the one of the most influential forms of getting their message out though has been their Public Service Announcements or PSA for short, on the television the NHTSA have a PSA called “Second Chance”. The Click it or Ticket PSA “Second Chance” was created to appeal to the driver’s
The journey from that idea and the airbags that we have now has been very long. Today, airbags are a necessary in every car and are designed to act as an extra safety device aside of seat belts. But a lot of people are looking quite sceptical at the air bag safety, because there was a lot of accidents where the airbag didn’t react or it did react, but it didn’t help but killed the driver or the passenger. Since 1991 there was 238 counted just because of air
Thousands of lives were saved after airbags were made mandatory. Seatbelts were introduced prior to airbags and also serve a great purpose to society. According to the website ROSPA: Accidents don’t have to happen states that physicians were the first to use lap belts in their vehicles and actively fought to make them mandatory in every vehicle. Race car drivers were then urged to use lap belts in their vehicles. The society of Automotive Engineers then created a group dedicated to the use of seatbelts called the Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Committee. Seatbelts have come a long way ever since. New laws are created based on research completed on why individuals are injured in a car crash and how to avoid serious injuries. For instance, in 2006 “All children travelling in cars (with very few exceptions) required to use an appropriate correct child restraint until they are either 135 cm in height or 12 years old, after which they must use an adult seat belt.” (ROSPA, 2014). Research will never stop there. Accidents continue to occur and people will never stop engaging in dangerous driving behaviours. One of the most dangerous driving habits an individual could engage in is driving while under the influence of drugs, especially alcohol.
We have all heard the excuses before, “do I have to wear it? It isn’t like it’s going to protect me,” “it’s uncomfortable, I’m only going around the corner,” or “I’d rather be thrown out of the vehicle than to be stuck in a seat belt.” No matter how good of a driver you are, or you think you might be, there are always situations that are beyond your control. Such as, bad weather, drunk drivers, and road conditions. Sometimes, seat belts can be a life or death in an automobile accident. Not only is wearing your seat belt every time you get in a vehicle, but it is required by law in 49 states, with the exception of New Hampshire. Although seat belts are known to lock up and wrinkle your clothes, I believe that wearing your seat belt is beneficial because every fourteen seconds someone is injured in a traffic crash. Seat belts are not only known for holding you in place during a collision, but more importantly the are known to save the lives of the occupants in the vehicle.
Using seat belt when driving can help us to prevent death when an accident occurs.
Car accidents are the leading cause of death for people under the age of 35. Wearing a seat belt can prevent death in about half of these accidents. Did you know that every 15 seconds someone is injured in an automobile accident if they are not buckled up, or that every 13 minutes someone is killed in a crash. Failure to wear a seat belt contributes to more fatalities than any other single traffic safety related behavior. According to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration seatbelts saved nearly 12,000 lives in the United States in the year 2000. The NHTSA estimates that more than 9,000 U.S. car accident fatalities in 2000 would have been avoided if the victims had been wearing seatbelts. Sixty three percent of the people killed in accidents were not wearing seat belts. The NHTSA a...