Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria “Antibiotics" is the name given to the group of chemicals, particularly in medicine, that stop or inhibit the growth of, microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, and parasites, or that kill the microorganism. They are, however, completely ineffective against viruses. There are two kinds of antibiotics, namely; bactericides, which interfere with the cell wall or contents of the bacteria, thereby killing it, and bacteriostatics, which prevent the bacteria from reproducing. They are used to treat bacterial infections in humans and animals. Bacteria are microorganisms consisting of single cells, and reproduce by mitosis.
ANTIBIOTICS:- Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacteria. Antibiotics can save lives, if used properly. Antibiotics either kill bacteria or keep them from multiplying. Antibiotics do not fight virus infections. For example: Cold Flu ANTIBIOTICS: Most coughs Sore throats (Exception: strep throats) If you use antibiotics against viruses you will get more harmed than helped.
The Resistance Against The Resistance Antibiotic resistance is when certain antibiotics lose their ability to render harmful pathogens inactive. When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics they will continue to grow and multiply without the antibiotics having any effect on them. Bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics are called superbugs because they are very hard to be destroyed within the body. Antibiotic resistance can be caused by many things. The most common way in which bacterium build up a defence to antibiotics is by mutation.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when microorganisms become immune to specific drugs that are prescribed by doctors to kill other microorganisms. Usually, bacteria can be eradicated because they are single celled organisms but when drugs become defiant, they do not function properly. When antibiotics are taken, they enter the bloodstream and interfere with all microbes in the body while also altering body functions (Bren FDA, 2003). Sometimes antibiotics may not necessarily target its “wanted” target but instead, they attack both harmful and benign bacteria. When the bacteria that are sus... ... middle of paper ... ...inistration.
These bacterial strains have evolved to no longer respond to antibiotics of any kind. Examples of bacterial diseases that are resistant to antibiotics include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and beta-lactamase E. coli (ESBL E. coli) (Collignon 1109). Since these bacterial strains do not respond to antibiotic treatment, use of antibiotics is ineffective and might only exacerbate these infections. Several factors have been identified that contribute to the development of resista... ... middle of paper ... ... keep cost of treatments low. Society needs to be concerned about antibiotic resistance as it will impact future generations.
However, unlike viruses, bacteria can be killed by medicines such as antibiotics. Meningitis is the infection of the meninges, which is the delicate membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Tuberculosis used to be a wide spread disease. With the help of bacteria, the case in some countries around the world is getting worse. Bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics.
Antibiotics are medication/drugs that fight off and kill infections that are caused by dieses-causing micro-organisms. Infections that should not be treated with antibiotics are: • Common cold • Flu • Most coughs and bronchitis • Sore throats (except those coming from strep throat) • Some ear infections Antibiotics do not attack or kill viruses, they only attack and kill dieses-causing bacterial micro-organisms. What is bacteria resistance? It is the resistance to an antibiotic medicine which was once effective to the bacterial organism. Infections caused by resistant bacterial micro-organisms often fail to the standard treatment of different kind of antibiotics leading to prolonged illness and a greater risk of death.
As mentioned before, the super bacteria are developed and become stronger due to noncompliance with medical recommendations. This form of infection can be fatal since there are several types of antibiotics. If a person has an antibiotic-resistant bacteria, doctors will recommend another antibiotic, yet the new one will be more toxic and potent that the common-used drug. An example would be about the gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease. The therapy was just penicillin, but nowadays, penicillin does not work; it is necessary the use of either fluoroquinolones or cephalosporins (Antibiotic resistance, 2011), which are potent antibiotics when it is compared with penicillin.
Dr. Martin Blaser states, “evidence… suggests antibiotics may permanently change the beneficial bacteria that we’re carrying” (Conley, 2011, para. 3). Antibiotics cannot tell beneficial bacteria from harmful bacteria, so by taking excess antibiotics people are constantly killing off the good bacteria, especially the flora in the gut. This causes more bacteria to gather, and it is hypothesized that many illnesses such as Type 1 Diabetes, allergies, and inflammatory bowel disease are on the rise due to this. People al... ... middle of paper ... ...pay.
The hygienic conditions have also been improved so as to ensure least growth of microbes, germs, parasites and bacteria. Antibiotics have been invented to address diseases and infections caused by bacteria and viruses. With all these substantial efforts the biologists, physicians and scientists have triggered another epidemic which is even more severe. They have killed those microbes and bacterial species which were human friendly and as a result of either their disruption or mutation, pathogenic bacteria have even become more active and resistant to treatments. This has led to increased ineffectiveness of antibiotic drugs, low immunity and various infections and inflammatory diseases.