Why Are women Paid Less than Men? The Gender Gap

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Why Are Women Paid Less Than Men? The Gender Gap Introduction The equality between men and women is an integral part of human rights, it is also a prerequisite for democracy and social justice. Any democratic state seeks to promote gender equality in all spheres of life. Despite the creation of a strong legal framework to ensure the principle of equality of both sexes, the gap between men and women about their capabilities remains significant (Pomeroy, 72). One of the criteria of gender equality is equal pay for men and women. As of 2013, the average salary of women in the world is 38.7% of the average wage of men. At the same time in many countries, the level of education of women is much larger than that of men. This is indicated by the proportion of people with higher education among women and men, by the gender ratio of university students, and by the average duration of study at universities. Therefore, the aim of this work is to study the deep historical causes of gender inequality in society. Historical Aspect With the adoption of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, American women won the right to vote. However, at the beginning of the century, the idea of giving equal voting rights for men and women was defended by few people. The first woman to advocate for equality was a native of Scotland, Francis Wright. Having come to the United States in 1826, she began to read the extensive course of lectures, during which she defended voting right for women. In 1836, her activity was continued by Ernestine Rose, who came from Poland, and achieved more success in this field. She has achieved individual hearing at the New York Legislature, though her petition was signed by only five senators. Around this time, in 1840, Luc... ... middle of paper ... ...'Towards a Definition of Women's Rights' in Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2. (May, 1981), pp. 1–10. Krolokke, Charlotte and Anne Scott Sorensen, 'From Suffragettes to Grrls' in Gender Communication Theories and Analyses:From Silence to Performance (Sage, 2005). Lockwood, Bert B. (ed.), Women's Rights: A "Human Rights Quarterly" Reader. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. Phillips, Melanie, The Ascent of Woman: A History of the Suffragette Movement (Abacus, 2004). Pomeroy, Sarah B. Goddess, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity. New York: Schocken Books. 1975. Reiter, Rayna R. ed. Toward an Anthropology of Women, Monthly Review Press: New York. edited by Rayna R. Reiter. 1975. Sweet, William (2003). Philosophical theory and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. University of Ottawa Press. p. 4. Voltaire A Treatise on Toleration (1763).

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