Who Needs Sleep?

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In the United States 40% of car accidents are linked to lack of sleep (Souza). Sleep deprivation is a serious problem; people do not seem to care about or pay attention too. Everyone needs sleep; it is the mind and body’s natural way of restoring itself from a day’s work. There are four stages of sleep and according to The Better Sleep Council the first stage is when the mind is relaxing, and the eyes close. It is easy to wake someone during this stage, and people often feel like they are falling and suddenly jump. The second stage is when the heart rate is slowing down, and the body prepares to enter a deep sleep. Stage three is becoming more immersed in a deep sleep, approaching stage four, which is the most important. Stage four is where REM sleep occurs, also known as Rapid Eye Movement. During this time, “heart rate and respiration speed up and become erratic, and the eyes move rapidly in different directions.” This is the body’s way of relaxing and restoring all that happened in the day. This is also the stage in which the most vivid dreams occur. REM sleep usually occurs 90 minutes after a person falls asleep, and adults only spend 20% of their sleep in the REM stage whereas infants spend 50% (“Stages of Sleep”). When people do not get enough REM sleep they develop deprivation. After sleep deprivation sets in and remains, that person is at risk for Borderline Personality Disorder, also known as BPD. The mind cannot keep up with everything and eventually breaks. “In comparison to healthy controls those with BPD have more stage 1 sleep and less stage 4 sleep” (Selby). People know they need sleep, but the effects of lack of sleep are just as great. Sleep is the natural way to keep up on mental and physical wellness and it is u...

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