William Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer are historically kenned for being the first to utilize yellow journalism in their newspapers on a sizably voluminous scale. Some historians claim that Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst did not commence the Spanish-American War but aggravated it (Hearst, 1999). On the other hand, many historians have claimed that Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst did commence the Spanish-American War through their newspaper's utilization of yellow journalism (Simmons, 2003). Yellow journalism contributed to the Spanish-American War by causing diplomacy between the US and Spain to fail and making people vexed with Spain. “Hearst, being the new kid on the American media block, did everything in his power to force a war to drive newspaper sales.
The Spanish-American War began through pressure from the public to take action against ill treatment of the Cubans, military interests, and many more reasons while resulting in annexation, imperialism, the building of the Panama Canal, and more. Cuba was facing oppression at the hands of the Spanish nation and Americans, being at the receiving end of oppression before, the Americans felt empathy and sympathy towards the Cubans. Yellow journalism blew the actual events out of proportion and collected the money and anger of the people. The demands to assist the Cubans grew but McKinley was reluctant to engage the Spaniards, a world power, in battle. The explosion that blew up the Maine was the last straw and the U.S. sent in troops.
In particular, his article about the sinking of the Maine was one of the biggest and most influential stories he published (“Yellow Journalism” par. 3). “After the sinking of the Maine, the Hearst newspapers, with no evidence, unequivocally blamed the Spanish” and the public quickly followed (“Yellow Journalism” par. 3). His story changed America’s view on the situation and eventually provoked action.
Yellow journalism is a type of journalism that focuses on writing pretty much anything in an effort to make big sales instead of writing from an impartial standpoint. It wasn’t until the final days leading up to the Spanish-American War that yellow journalism reared its ugly head. The idea of yellow journalism started with a comic strip printed by Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World, in which there was a little yellow man nicknamed “The Yellow Boy”. William Randolph Hearst, owner of the New York Journal, hired out the cartoonist who designed the “Yellow Boy” comic strip, thus causing hostility between the two owners and their newspapers. They were always at competition with each other when it came to selling big headlines.
From the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ers, our well placed and well armored and well equipped Naval ships patrolling the harbors. The ground war that took place forcing the Spaniards to loose their strongholds and pushing them back behind their lines making them surrender. Some say that Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt was the reason why we won the war, but he was a piece of the puzzle that helped win. It was the Naval ships and their superiority in the seas that won the brunt of the battle. When you have a eight inch gun staring at your face you tend to say “yep you got me, I’m done, mybad, I’ll go the other direction”.
Maine exploded on February 15, “Yellow Journalism”, which was newspapers that exaggerated the truth in the United States, used propaganda to appeal to many American’s emotions and how distraught they should be from the attack. Since Americans were now emotionally attached to what was going on in Cuba, many Americans wanted to go to war. The “ Yellow Journalism” brought the American opinion to a war fever pitch, so President William McKinley asked congress and declared war on April 25, 1898. The United States entered the Spanish American War when they were violently attacked and to help Cuba gain its independence. World War 1 began in 1914, but the United States did not enter war until 1917.
Rections to the Sinking of the Titanic One of the most advertised events of the 1910's was the so-called Unsinkable Titanic and it's controversial sinking on April 14, 1912. When news of this British made luxury liner, weighing 46,000 gross tons reached American shores the press went wild. The idea of an unsinkable ship was bewildering. Then when the ship sank on her maiden voyage the press had a second hay-day. The sinking of the Titanic was a national event.
One of these newspaper tycoons was William Randolph Hearst. He took great advantages of the war and stretched the truth to the extreme. He did this just to sell more newspapers and to make money. Hearst went over in his personal boat and took pictures in Cuba of poor and starving people there. He even captured a couple of the Spanish soldiers and turned them over to the Americans.
At 4:40 pm on February 15, 1898, the Maine exploded and sank in Havana Harbor. The source of the explosion was not known. Some thought that it may have been from a Spanish mine. Others thought there may have been a spy on board the ship sent to destroy it. Even though the United States said it might have been an accident on board, the US citizens were sent into a frenzy by “yellow journalism” that was published by men like Pulitzer and Hearst.
T.R. 's Foreign Policy George F. Kennan and Walter La Feber are two historians who take very different viewpoints on the United States' foreign policy in the late 1890's. Kennan's major thesis is that the United States entered into war with Spain due to impulsive decisions made because of public opinion. This public opinion was brought about because of the press. At this time the press was know as the Yellow Press.