1 Andrea Romero-Marquez Broca's Aphasia occurs from damage to the inferior frontal gyrus and affects speech production, which is why it is sometimes referred to as "non-fluent aphasia." People with Broca's aphasia are completely aware of their inability to produce speech fluently, so they often become frustrated. Wernicke's Aphasia occurs from damage to the superior temporal gyrus and affects language comprehension, while speech production is unaffected, which is why it is referred to as "fluent aphasia." Wernicke's patients produce speech fluently, but it is mostly nonsensical speech and have trouble understanding what is being told to them. Unlike Broca's Aphasia patients, they are not aware of their speech problems.
ALD affects 1 out of every 20,000 people, mostly males, and typically develops in early childhood between the ages of four and ten. Initial symptoms of early ALD include emotional instability, followed by seizures, vomiting, fatigue, poor speech, increased skin pigmentation, coordination problems, ultimately leading to a swift decline towards a dormant and vegetative state until death. (http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/adrenoleukodystrophy/adrenoleukodystrophy.htm) The Main Cause(s) of “My Ailment” ALD is inherited genetically from the mother. It can be tremendously difficult to diagnose women who are carriers because of the protective effect of the extra X chromosome. Some women can live their whole lives without ever knowing that they possess this disease because symptoms are never shown.
The children also develop certain characteristics like prominent eyes, thin lips, a small chin, protruding ears, and also a thin beaked-tip nose (“Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome”). Children that have this disease also suffer from symptoms of osteoporosis, myocardial infraction, strokes, muscle weakness and hair loss. However, the children suffering from the disease have never experienced dementia or cancer (University of Gothenburg). They also do not suffer from the loss of motor skills such as sitting down, standing up, and walking (“Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome”). They also do not suffer from any brain development or intellectual effects (McNeil, Mark).
Autism is also a wide-spectrum disorder, meaning that no two people will have the same symptoms. Some people will have mild cases of symptoms while others might have severe. Symptoms of early Autism include, poor eye contact, no babbling or pointing by age 1, no response to name, excessive lining up of toys or objects, and no smiling or social responses (Autism fact sheet). Later on, symptoms of Autism can ... ... middle of paper ... ...o-neurological disability and it impacts the normal development of the brain. Works Cited American Speech- language-hearing association .
Babies who would normally look toward recognizable voices and reach out to people are often times devoid of these social growth indicators. The absence of obvious indicators of emotion, such as smiling and laughing have caused researchers and doctors in the past to label autistic children as “emotionally flat.” Researchers, since the release of recent study outcomes, have retracted this label. There are generally five areas of developmental disorder most prevalent in children diagnosed with autism. One of these areas relates to, and in the past led to the labeling of “emotional flatness.” Autistic disorder often creates in a child a lack of social understanding and a lack of comprehension of social interaction by and toward others. Extreme withdrawal from social situations is often apparent.
Inanimate objects also fascinate autistic children, though they do not use them as they are intended. They will play with a single toy for hours at a time. Autism was once thought to be the result of cold and distant parents. If the mother disliked or did not want the baby, it was thought that the baby knew this and would enclose itself in its own world. That theory has now been disproven and many scientists now believe autism is caused by -1- genetics and/or illnesses.
It can affect people of all races and ethnicity. Motor tics usually start to appear prior to the vocal tics. Even though there is no cure to the disease, a person can live an extremely normal life span with TS, and people with TS do not need any special treatments unless the symptoms are bothersome. Many times children often outgrow TS after their adolescence. Victims of TS often use medications to reduce the frequent outbursts of their tics.
People with Tourette Syndrome are sensitive to repeated "not normal" movements and sounds called tics. Tics are not done on purpose they are difficult and sometimes impossible to control. In mild cases the tics may be rare and not seen by the untrained eye. In severe cases, the tics maybe repeated and extremely noticeable. TS is a worldwide disorder, it affects people of all races.
Some people with OCD have regimented rituals while others have rituals that are complex and changing. Performing rituals may give the per... ... middle of paper ... ...ls. Other than medication, behavior therapy has proven very successful in helping people with OCD overcome the anxiety that they feel if they do not complete their compulsions. In behavior therapy, a patient is exposed to the feared object or obsession, but prevented from completing the compulsive behavior. For example, people who fear contamination may be encouraged to touch dirty laundry and be denied the chance to wash their hands for a specified period of time.
The major depressive disorder occur when the child experience multiple symptoms that persist daily for more than two weeks. According to DSM-IV, “Approximately 2 to 3% of children under age 10 meet the criteria for MDD, but between the ages of 10 and 14, the rate increases to 5 to 8% for children overall.” The second form of depression is the dysthymic disorder which known as "milder mood disorder" that persist for more than two years, so children feels that their depressio... ... middle of paper ... ...tion, confusion, and overheating problems, and even suicidal thoughts in adolescents. Depression is a serious mental illness that affects individuals at any age, causing multiple symptoms and effects that can persist for a long period of time. Children can suffer from this disorder due to many causes either personal (parental divorce, parents’ education level, and life events) or biological (chronic disease, ADHD, and genetic problem). Actually, scientist successfully proved the impact of each cause on children's mental health and how it can lead them to depression, except the issue of whether the depression can be inherited, or not, which requires more studies to prove if "depression gene" really exists.