What´s Sustainable Transportatation?

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Over the past few decades, the term ‘sustainability’ has become quite ubiquitous and has been used in our daily lives, in the construction sector, power and energy sector, economic sector, transport sector, agricultural sector etc. The term which is defined in the Oxford dictionary (2014) as ‘the ability to be maintained at a certain level’ can be said to be a planning concept which constitutes something of a revolution.
Since the 1987 Brundtland Commission report brought global attention to the concept of sustainable development, scholars and policy professionals have worked to apply its principles in the urban and metropolitan context (Goldman & Gorham, 2006). Sustainable development has proven an enduring and compelling concept because it points policy in a clear, intuitive direction, yet is flexible enough to adapt to emerging new issues, technological and economic conditions, and social aspirations (Goldman & Gorham, 2006). In this review, the main focus is on sustainable transportation and the challenges encountered.

Sustainable Transport
According to Black (2000), it has become risky to write about sustainable transport because very few individuals agree on the meaning of the term. Greene and Wegener (1997) in Black, (2000) grapple briefly with defining sustainable transport, but opt to go with a perspective that places the focus on environmental sustainability. They cite a sustainable development definition by Daly (1991) that can be modified to cover environmental aspects of sustainable transport. It would have the transport sector making use of renewable resources at a rate that does not exceed their natural rate of reproduction; the rate at which the system uses non-renewable resources may not exceed the rate at wh...

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...a particularly effective restraint measure. For example, a report which studied five UK cities revealed that doubling parking charges would reduce car travel by as much as 20%, more than three times as effective as a 50% increase in fuel (Transport Research Laboratory, 1994).
Black (2000) also states that most of the methods for handling problems of congestion on the highways would not generate direct costs for the driving public, as they fall in the area of transport demand management techniques e.g. ordinances, carpools, vanpools, parking regulations etc.
From the literature above it is clear that it is important to understand the drivers and barriers to the adoption of sustainable transport, and this applies in any context, including workplaces such as Universities, and the University of Hertfordshire – hence this then sets the scene and rationale for this study.
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