What's Phobia?

1080 Words5 Pages
According to a survey done by the National Institute of Mental Health in the year of 2012 nearly over six million americans were or have recently been diagnosed with some sort of phobia. Sigmund Freud suggest that there are two common causes of fear. There is a biological fear and a more Trauma based fear. What is a phobia? That is a very common question that people ask. The merriam webster definition of a phobia is an extremely strong dislike or fear of someone or something. There are at least five hundred and thirty documented phobias in the world. According to the American Psychological Association more than 10 million adults in the united states have some sort of phobia. There are two common suggestions that can cause fear. The biological fear and the trauma based fear. The biological fear is defined by ethologists as a motivational state that can be brought forth by over stimulation, cognitive incongruity, and response. according to the research done by the California State University. For example of the over stimulation method is that animals and people can be taught to fear something or someone by the means of painful stimulation, stress, and avoidance. The cognitive perspective is when a person or an animal have an issue with coping with a traumatic event. An example of this would be a loss of a loved one. A response is when a person or animal have trouble handling a difficult situation. According to the National Institute of Mental Health these exaggerated fears can become so intense that they can evan interfere with your day to day activities. Trauma a word that derives from greek origins. It means “wound”. Sigmund freud emphasizes that fantasies and dreams are triggered by some sort of trauma. Freud emphasizes ... ... middle of paper ... ...orks Cited Merriam Webster. (n.d.). An encyclopedia britannica company. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phobia Kelvens, C. (n.d.). Fear and anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.csun.edu/~vcpsy00h/students/fear.htm Cultural studies and literature blog. (n.d.). Trauma in freud and in lacan. Retrieved from http://zenfloyd.blogspot.com/2009/08/notes-on-trauma.html Sigmund Freud-Essays and papers. (n.d.). Sigmund freud essays and papers. Retrieved from http://essays.freudfile.org/freud.html Cherry, K. (n.d.). Sigmund freud life work and theories. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm Psychologist world. (n.d.). Psychology issue. Retrieved from http://psychologistworld.com/psychologists/freud_1.php IG. (n.d.). Id, ego,and superego. Retrieved from http://freudpsychoanalysis.com/id-ego-and-superego/

More about What's Phobia?

Open Document