What´s Occupational Environment?

2401 Words10 Pages
1. Introduction According to Black (2014), the occupational environment can be difined as “the workplace surroundings that encompass the physical and social environment,”. The social environment can be seen as social relationships, immediate physical surroundings and cultural setting in which groups of people function and interact. It includes the industrial and occupational structure, the social and economic processes and labour markets among others. Social environments also include the social, historical and power relations that have become institutionalized over time. Social environments are dynamic and change over time as the result of both internal and external forces. ( Barnett & Casper, 2001). The work environment however, refers to the qualities and characteristics of the experience of working at the specific organisation, for example, what it is like to work there, the employer-employee relationships and work setting (United States Office of Personnel Management, 2006). The South African labour environment and workplace has undergone a wide range of transformation since apartheid laws until the successful implementation of employment equity policies. In order to understand the full impact of change in the work and occupational environment, the history of the South African history, the industrial revolution as well as the change in South African labour legislation were explored. Several factor have an impact on the work and occupational environment. Globalisation influenced the way business is conducted and will continuously change it, the increase in diversity in work environments also call for change and brought about a new concept of diversity management not only in South Africa, but also worldwide. Various changes... ... middle of paper ... .... Social Transition Workplaces will continue to experience change or undergo transition from a social perspective, especially with ongoing attempts to diversify and empower the workforce (Venter & Levy, 2013). Social transformation will continue to take place through employment equity and black economic empowerment and other attempts to increase diversity in the workplace. 7.4. Other changes: As human population doubles, the resources available per person will drop, and a remarkable transformation of industry can occur. Through this transformation, society will be able to create a vital economy that uses radically less materials and energy. This economy can free up resources, reduce taxes on personal income increase per capita spending on social ills and begin to restore the damaged environment of the earth. (Hawken, Lovins, & Hunter Lovins, 2010). 8. Conclusion
Open Document