What´s Deconstruvist Architecture?

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Rem Koolhaas, Daniel Liebeskind, Frank Gehry and Zaha Hadid. Modern day ‘starchitects’ who - through their practice of deconstructivist architecture - have heavily influenced the overall approach to today’s architecture. But what exactly is deconstructivist architecture? Is it a derivative of postmodernist principles, or something of its own entirety? Through the analysis of particular modern day architects and their works, deconstructivism ascertains its emergence as a separate architectural form that contrasts with and challenges postmodern design principles.
Deconstructivism can be characterised as an external design principle developed and evolved from postmodernist architecture. Deriving its philosophy from the works of controversial French philosopher Jacques Derrida, deconstructivism displayed an interest in the manipulation of a structure’s surface, with focuses on defying the norm and upending the metaphysical beliefs of the Western world. The emergence of deconstructivist architecture occurred during the 1980’s, initially as an art exhibition hosted by MoMA, showcasing the talent of architects globally recognised as the curators of architectural design.
Deconstructivist Theory – in respect to architectural practice – aimed to create structures that characterised unpredictability and chaos in a controlled environment, distorting and dislocating typical architectural elements such as structure. This design principle focuses primarily on the externality of the building, by pushing and challenging the boundaries of traditional architectural conventions regarding structural practicality. The practitioners of deconstructivism - whilst influenced by Derrida’s philosophy and interests in radical formalism- took their physical i...

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..., separate to its postmodernist counterpart, contrasting in terms of structural geometry, physicality and concept. Where deconstructivist architecture attempts to defy the laws of physics -using rectilinear shapes and patterns- to present an atypical structural envelope that pushes the boundaries of inventiveness and continuity, postmodernism in stark contrast favours traditional and ‘normal’ processes that exude predictability and emphasise the lack of importance placed on the aestheticism of the building. As a result deconstructivist architecture and the theories on which it is based is separated from postmodernism and identified as an architectural principle of its own, with this new form of architecture now being considered the new Art Nouveau for the modern architect, with an everlasting impact on the practice of architecture for years to come.
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